Dairy cattle are an important component of the Kenyan livestock industry. They are mainly kept for milk production, but may also be used for draft power and meat production. Feed is the most expensive input in dairy production and therefore it is important to provide high-quality feeds that meet the requirements of the animals.
The main purpose of feeding dairy animals is to supply energy and nutrients to meet their energy and protein needs. Energy requirements vary with age, reproductive status, lactation stage, body condition score (BCS), and other factors such as weather conditions and environment. Protein requirements also vary depending on factors such as age at calving, breed, and milk yield per cow per day.
The main purpose of feeding dairy cows is to supply energy and nutrients to meet their energy and protein needs (Mugo et al., 2010). Energy requirements vary with age, reproductive status, lactation stage, body condition score (BCS), and other factors such as weather conditions and environment. Protein requirements also vary according to age at calving, breed, and milk yield per cow per day (Mugo et al., 2010).
Dairy cows are a vital part of the dairy production process in Kenya. The main objective of dairy farming is to produce high-quality milk which goes into making many useful products such as cheese and butter. Dairy cows require specialized feeds to ensure maximum productivity.
Dairy Cows Feeds and Supplements
When it comes to dairy cattle, feeds and supplements play a major role in improving reproductive performance. The right feed can help improve their health, fertility, and milk production. With the right feed, you can get higher productivity from your cow which will lead to reduced costs of production or increased income from sales of milk.
As mentioned earlier in this section on dairy cows, feeds are what they eat while supplements are given to help with any deficiencies in their diet. The main types of feed include concentrates (grain), roughages (forage), and mixed rations (mixtures of both). A cow’s diet can have negative effects on its health and production if not properly balanced with the correct type of concentrate forage ratio.
How To Feed Dairy Cows In Kenya
Feeding dairy cows in Kenya is the best way to ensure that you will have a good quality milk. If you want to make money, it is important that your animals are fed well so that they can produce milk. With proper feeding, you save money on buying cow feed as well as veterinary bills because of poor health. When you do not feed your cow properly and allow it to roam freely in order to find food, this will result into losses due to disease and poor production of milk.
It is worth noting that when feeding dairy cows in Kenya for the first time, it is advisable for one to start with small numbers such as 1-2 cows depending on their budget and space available since they will require less work compared with large herds which require constant monitoring due to different aspects like diseases affecting them such as mastitis (inflammation), foot rot etc., immunization against specific diseases depending on where one lives such as rabies shot if living near areas where rabies exist among other issues especially during calving which requires extra care from owners who may have little knowledge about animal husbandry practices due lack of trained personnel available locally within communities outside urban settlements like Kisii County where most people live far away from veterinary medical centres thus making them dependant on local farmers who also don’t necessarily have formal training either but know enough by experience gained through working with their parents during childhood years until adulthood when some may decide farming should be their main source of income after school days at university level
Pangola grass is a perennial grass that is native to Southern Africa. The plant has been introduced in other parts of the world, including Kenya and Uganda. The grass can be grown from seed, but it is usually propagated by sowing root cuttings as well.
Pangolagrass has high nutritional content and provides forage for dairy cows, beef cattle, horses and sheep. It is also used for hay production.
Napier grass is a perennial, warm season grass that is native to Africa. It grows well in areas with high rainfall and is tolerant to a wide range of soil conditions.
Napier grass can be used as a cover crop. Napier grass also provides good forage for cattle and goats, thus making it an important feed source for livestock farmers in Kenya.
Boma Rhodes grass
Boma Rhodes Grass
Boma Rhodes grass is a perennial grass that grows in Kenya and is used as a pasture grass in dairy farming. It is a good feed for dairy cows because it has a high nutritional value and can be grown over an extended period of time, thus ensuring that you will have access to good quality pasture throughout the year. Pangola grass, on the other hand, grows quickly but only has low nutritional value. However, pangola can be cut and used as hay during times when there are many cows in your farm.
The best part about this type of hay is that it has high yields compared to other types of hays such as lucerne or ryegrass which means that you will get more feed from Boma Rhodes than from any other type of hay available today. This makes them suitable for grazing animals such as cattle since they are able to consume large amounts without suffering any side effects like stomachache due to overeating (which often occurs with other types).
Pearl millet is one of the most important food crops in Africa, Asia, and Latin America. It’s also called proso millet, guinea millet or fonio and is often used as a substitute for maize and rice. Pearl millet is high in protein and fibre – it has three times more protein than wheat but has less starch and fats.
Pearl millet contains vitamins like vitamin B1 (thiamine), thiamine mononitrate, riboflavin, and niacin which are essential for energy metabolism; phosphorus which helps maintain healthy bones; iron which helps in red blood cell production; calcium which helps build strong bones and teeth; magnesium which can help prevent heart disease if combined with potassium; copper which works together with zinc to promote healing; potassium which supports cardiovascular health by keeping sodium levels down while maintaining fluid balance throughout your body
Lucerne, also known as alfalfa or Medicago sativa L.
Lucerne is a legume that grows in a variety of climates, making it a good feed source for dairy cows. It can be fed fresh or dried, and even stored as silage (a process where the plant’s green leaves are chopped up and then fermented).
Dry lucerne hay is high in protein and energy, which makes it ideal for dairy cattle to eat during winter. When fed to cows over an extended period of time, they will grow larger quantities of milk than if they were eating grass alone.
Elephant grass also known as napier grass and are highly palatable, very productive, and have a high nutritive value. The elephant plants can be grown in many types of soil conditions.
Elephant grass also known as napier grass and are highly palatable, very productive, and have a high nutritive value. The elephant plants can be grown in many types of soil conditions. Napier grass is a perennial grass that grows in tropical and subtropical regions. Napier grass is best grown in wet areas but it can also grow well on dry soils with adequate irrigation.
Hybrid Napier grass (pearl millet x Napier) is being done to improve the yields of these two crops that are a vital part of dairy farming in Kenya. The resultant crop has a large number of stalks per plant, improved digestibility and hardness which means it can withstand trampling by the animals better than regular Napier plants.
Hybrid Napier grass (pearl millet x Napier) is being done to improve the yields of these two crops that are a vital part of dairy farming in Kenya. The resultant crop has a large number of stalks per plant, improved digestibility, and hardness which means it can withstand trampling by the animals better than regular Napier plants.
Hybrid Pearl Millet-Napier Grass has high yields which are up to twice as much compared to traditional varieties. The protein content is also higher than normal pearl millet, making it ideal for feeding cows during dry seasons or when natural pasture is limited due to drought conditions or poor rainfall patterns.
There are many types of dairy cows feeds and supplements in Kenya. The best ones to choose from are: Pangola grass, Napier grass, Boma Rhodes grass, Pearl millet, and Lucerne. These feeds are easy to access and can be used as a supplement for dairy cattle because they are highly nutritious.