Tropical climates are warm and humid. The temperature is usually between 18°C and 27°C (65°F and 80°F) year round, but it can get as hot as 32°C (90°F). Tropical climates have two seasons: wet and dry. The wet season lasts from May to September in the Northern Hemisphere, and December to March in the Southern Hemisphere. The dry season lasts from October to December in the Northern Hemisphere, and June to August in the Southern Hemisphere.
Crops grown in tropical climates include corn, wheat, rice, soybeans, peanuts, fruits like bananas and pineapples, vegetables such as tomatoes, peppers and eggplants, coffee beans and coconuts.
The tropical climate is characterized by a warm and humid temperature year-round. These conditions make it ideal for growing plants that thrive in such environments. The tropical climate can be found near the equator, at mid-latitudes, and even in high elevations. However, it is most prevalent at sea level. The main crops grown in this type of climate are rice, corn, wheat, beans, cassava and bananas.
Climate is an important factor in the success of growing a crop and the type of crops that are grown. The tropics have a very specific climate with high temperatures throughout most of the year, as such tropical climates have their own special set of crops that can be grown.
Rice is a cereal grain with a high nutritional value. Rice is the staple food of many tropical countries, and it has been cultivated in tropical climates for thousands of years.
Rice is grown in water-fed paddy fields, where the water level is maintained at around one meter during the growing season. This provides sufficient nutrients for the rice crop to grow to maturity before harvesting.
Sugarcane is a tropical crop that grows best in warm, humid conditions. It can be grown all year long in tropical climates but will thrive only during the rainy season in temperate areas. Sugarcane is also perennial, meaning it can be planted once and harvested for many years to come.
Sugarcane plantations are typically maintained by hand and are therefore labor-intensive operations. Instead of mechanical harvesting, workers cut down the stalks with machetes or knives, bundling them together into large bundles before transporting them to processing facilities where they’re crushed into sugar by machines called mills (or presses). At this point, water is added to extract the sugar from raw cane juice; this process produces molasses as well as crystals that resemble white sugar but have a lower moisture content than processed table sugar (sucrose).
Coconut is a tropical plant that is grown in the coastal areas of India. It is a popular food item in the Indian cuisine. Coconut meat or coconut oil are used to make various dishes and drinks such as curries, soups, sweets and chutneys. Coconut water can be consumed as a beverage alone or mixed with other juices for making smoothies. The husk of a dried coconut fruit is used for basketry work like making fish traps or matting floors; it provides fiber for weaving into ropes or stringing beads; it may also be burned as fuel wood for cooking fires when nothing else can be found close at hand (the firewood burns hot enough).
Coconut trees grow quickly because they produce so many flowers at once and each flower has multiple fruits which all mature within one growing season before dropping off their branches by themselves without needing any assistance from humans whatsoever
Bananas are perennial plants with a woody trunk and pseudostems that grow to 3–12 metres tall. The leaves are spirally arranged and may reach 40 metres in length. The large leaf blades are evergreen in some species, but deciduous in others.
They produce an herbaceous flower spike or inflorescence up to 20 metres tall, with a single whorl of distinct bracts at the base of each flowering stem. The flowers themselves develop into berries, which take about four months from pollination to ripen. Bananas come in many different sizes as well as colors. Bananas grow on large trees that require hot tropical weather for best growth and fruit production; this makes them unsuitable for planting outside the tropics where there is no summer season with temperatures above 18 °C (64 °F).
Tea is a brewed drink prepared from the leaves of the Camellia sinensis plant, consumed throughout the world. Tea is the most widely consumed beverage in the world after water. The term herbal tea generally refers to infusions or tisanes that are not made from Camellia sinensis; this section discusses only true teas.
There are over 3,000 varieties of bananas, but they all belong to one of two subspecies: sapientum (the common market variety) and musa acuminata (the sweet banana). Bananas are one of the most popular fruits in the world; about 100 million tons were produced worldwide in 2014.
Coffee is a fruit of the coffee plant that contains two seeds. The fruits are red and oval shaped with green skin. The seeds inside them are often called “beans.”
Rubber is a tropical crop. Rubber trees grow in the tropical climate of Southeast Asia and South America. The rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis) came from Brazil, which has been producing this crop for over 100 years. The latex sap of rubber trees can be used to make tires and other products that need elasticity and flexibility, such as hoses, gaskets and shoes. Rubber is also used to make condoms for protection against sexually transmitted diseases like AIDS/HIV
Pineapple, or Ananas comosus, is a tropical fruit that grows in warm, humid climates. Pineapple plants are grown in tropical and subtropical climates, including Hawaii, the Caribbean islands and southern Florida. The pineapple is a member of the Bromeliaceae family of plants that also includes bromeliads (air plants).
In addition to its delicious taste and sweet flavor, this popular fruit has many health benefits as well.
Tobacco is a plant native to the Americas. It is used as a recreational drug in many parts of the world. Tobacco has been cultivated for thousands of years.
Tobacco was introduced to Europe in the late 15th century by French explorer Jean Nicot de Villemain, who brought tobacco seeds from Brazil back home after his travels there. The tobacco plant is known as Nicotiana tabacum; it is a member of the Solanaceae or nightshade family, which also includes tomatoes, potatoes and eggplants.
Crops Grown In Tropical Climate
Crops Grown In Tropical Climate
Crop, crop and crop. The list of crops grown in tropical climates is long and varied. Here are some of the most popular:
- Corn (maize)
- Sugarcane crops such as sugar beet, sorghum cane, or bagasse that can be used as biofuel.
The climate of a region determines what types of crops grow best there. For example, a desert region will have sandy soil while an alpine forest might have rocky soil with little moisture available for plant growth. When choosing seeds to plant in your garden or farm field, it’s important to know which type should do well in your specific environment so you don’t waste time growing something that will never thrive there!
How to plant Crops Grown In Tropical Climate
Planting time is usually from May to December. The planting time varies depending on the crop, but it should not be planted too early or late in the year. If planted too late, some crops will have problems with moisture loss because of cold weather and will be in danger of dying out completely by winter. Some crops can only be planted during a certain period of time each year due to their natural growing cycle and climate conditions. You need to pay attention when you plant them so that they don’t get harmed by unfavorable conditions such as heavy rain or dry spells that could cause damage during their growth stages..
When planting seedlings, select a good healthy one with strong roots and transplant it into your garden using gardening tools such as shovels and trowels. If you’re using pots instead of open ground space then place them inside those pots (which are made out of plastic) first before inserting your seeds into each hole made within those containers. Afterward, fill up any empty spaces between holes with soil mix containing composted material like peat moss which contains nutrients such as phosphorus for future growth.
Soil requirement/condition of Crops Grown In Tropical Climate
- Soil pH is the measure of how acidic or alkaline the soil is. This number measures the hydrogen ion concentration in the soil and ranges from 0 to 14. A neutral soil has a pH of 7, below 7 is acidic and above 7 is alkaline. Most crops grow best in soils with a pH between 5 and 6, which are slightly acidic soils.
- In tropical climates, crops such as coffee and cocoa require a high level of organic matter that can be achieved by planting leguminous trees nearby to act as a nitrogen fixer for other plants growing in this region
Land preparation for Crops Grown In Tropical Climate
- Clear all weeds and grasses from the area to be used for crop cultivation.
- Remove stones, debris, and other materials that may interfere with cultivation.
- Level the ground by compacting or tilling it to eliminate large rocks or other objects.
- Add compost or manure to improve soil fertility, depending on soil type and availability of these materials in your area. For example: add lime if soil pH is too low (acidic).
Seed treatment of Crops Grown In Tropical Climate
Seed treatment is a method that is used to control the spread of diseases and pests in the field. Seed treatment is used to protect the crop from diseases, pests and weeds. This can be done by using chemical agents or biological agents for protecting crops. The most common seed treatments are:
- Bactericides – They are used against bacterial diseases such as bacterial leaf spot, bacterial blight, stripe rust (Puccinia striiformis), septoria leaf blotch etc.
- Fungicides – They are used to control fungal diseases such as pythium root rot, fusarium wilt race 2 (FWR2), fusarium yellows etc., which cause significant damage to many crops grown worldwide including rice, cotton and others; this also includes smut fungi like Ustilago hordei which infects barley
How to care for Crops Grown In Tropical Climate
Fertilizers are used to provide nutrients for plants. The main objective in using fertilizers is to improve the soil condition and increase productivity of crops. Fertilizers can be organic or inorganic, natural or synthetic. Organic fertilizers include manures, composts, green manure and animal wastes; mineral fertilizers include rock phosphate and potassium sulphate; chemical compounds like nitrogenous compounds (ammonia), nitrates and phosphates are known as inorganic compounds.
The type of fertilizer used should be based on soil analysis studies since some soils are deficient in certain nutrients while others may have excess amounts of other minerals that can be harmful if added as fertilizer. The nutrient requirements vary with each crop but generally nitrogenous materials act as vegetative growth stimulants while phosphorus helps root development and potassium increases vigor during flowering stage by helping cell division within the plant cells or buds respectively.
The amount required depends upon several factors such as climate conditions etc., but generally it ranges between 200-250 kg per hectare per year depending upon type of soil conditions employed within tropical regions where moisture availability might make it easier than arid areas which could require higher concentrations due
How to fertilize Crops Grown In Tropical Climate
Fertilizing crops grown in tropical climates is not an easy task. You can use some organic fertilizers to improve the soil fertility and make your plants grow better.
- Urea, manure and compost should be used as fertilizers for crops grown in tropical climates.
- NPK fertilizer is another option that you can use to improve the soil fertility of your crop plants.
- Organic fertilizer works well as mulch or soil conditioner for crops grown in tropical climate. You can apply this type of fertilizer on top of your plants during their growing season so that it stays close to the roots where it will work its magic!
When to harvest Crops Grown In Tropical Climate
When you want to harvest your crop, it’s important to know when the crop is ready.
For example, if you’re harvesting a fruit or vegetable and the leaves turn brown and die, this could mean the plant has expired and can’t be harvested anymore. In this case, it’s best not to pick it and cut into your profits!
The best way to tell if a plant is fully mature and ready for harvesting is by looking at its size compared with other plants in the same family. If one tree seems much bigger than another, then chances are good that it will produce more fruits/vegetables than its smaller counterparts because of better sunlight exposure or an earlier start date during planting season.
Pest control of Crops Grown In Tropical Climate
Pest control of Crops Grown In Tropical Climate
Tropical climate is a climate with a hot and rainy season. Tropical climates are present on all continents, in the form of tropical savanna, tropical rainforest, tropical monsoon forest and even desert. The area between the tropics is called the subtropics. The most important crop grown in tropical climates is rice. Other important crops are maize, sorghum and millets which are also grown for their oil content. When we talk about pests for these crops, we have to take into account that there are different types of pests depending on where you live (the location). For example: if you live in Southeast Asia your main pest might be termites; if you live closer towards Australia then maybe cockroaches will be more likely; if you live near Africa then rats might be more common; etc.).
And that’s everything you need to know about Crops Grown In Tropical Climate. We hope this article has helped inspire you and that your questions have been answered. If you’re still curious, try out these tips for yourself and see how it goes.