Feed formulation is the art of calculating the number of pounds of each ingredient to add to a batch of feed. It is essential for ensuring that all cattle are receiving enough nutrients in their diet, and it allows you to tailor your cattle’s feed based on their age, breed, and weight class. The two most common methods of feed formulation are body weight-based and crude protein (CP) based methods, but there are many factors that influence how much of each ingredient should be added per tonne or hectare. These include climate, type, and size of pasture being grazed upon as well as animal species (such as calves versus mature beef animals).

The cattle industry has a long history of being an important part of the U.S. economy. The United States is the largest producer of beef in the world, with an average of 25 billion pounds of beef produced annually. However, this industry has been facing many challenges over the last decade due to factors such as drought, high grain prices, and low cattle prices.

In order to maintain profitability while dealing with these challenges, producers must be able to formulate feed that meets their needs while still maintaining animal health and welfare standards. In addition, producers must be able to provide feed that is safe for human consumption by ensuring that it does not contain any harmful chemicals or pathogens.


Cattle feed formulation is not difficult, you just need to know what to add and how much of it. This article will provide an overview of the basic principles behind cattle feed formulation, as well as a collection of formulas for different types of cattle.

When you are making cattle feed, there are a few basic principles to keep in mind:

1. Cattle need a balanced diet that contains all of the nutrients they need to grow and stay healthy. 2. The type of feed you give your cattle will depend on their age, weight, breed, health status, and whether they are lactating or pregnant. 3. Water and salt are also important for cattle—they must have access to both at all times.

Body Weight-Based Method Of Feed Formulation

The body weight-based method of feed formulation is based on the feed conversion ratio, feed intake, and cost. The formula for calculating the ME requirements of the animal is as follows:


BW = Body Weight (in kg)

FCR = Feed Conversion Ratio (FCR)

FEED INTAKE = Average Daily Feed Intake (G/d).

Crude Protein (CP) Method of Feed Formulation

  • The CP method of feed formulation is a simple and straightforward method of feed formulation.
  • It is based on the protein content of the diet and the crude protein requirement (CP requirement) of the animal.

The protein requirement of sheep, goats, and cattle can be calculated using the following formula: Crude Protein Requirement (CP) = [(Weight of Animal in kg) x 8.5] / 0.8

For example, if the weight of an animal is 100 kg, then its CP requirement will be: CP Requirement = [(100 x 8.5) / 0.8] = 704 g per day

Digestible Protein And Digestible Energy Method Of Feed Formulation

Digestible protein and digestible energy are two of the most important factors in feed formulation. They are used in the calculation of net energy for lactation (NE L ) and maintenance (NE M ). NE L is a measure of how much energy a cow produces from her daily intake of dry matter, or how much milk she will produce per unit of intake. NE M is a measure of how much energy is required to support a cow at the maintenance level, or how much dry matter intake it takes to keep her alive.

Cattle feed formulation is not difficult, you just need to know what to add and how much of it.

Cattle feed formulation is not difficult, you just need to know what to add and how much of it. Cattle are a unique species in that they have distinct nutritional needs based on their body weight and activity level. In order to formulate the best cattle feed for your animals, you’ll need to know the target weight of your animal, as well as its target feed intake (volume) and protein requirements (kg/day).

If you’re new at this, here are some tips on where to start:

  • Use a spreadsheet program such as Microsoft Excel or Google Sheets
  • List all ingredients and the amount required for each type of ingredient in kilograms – this can be found on an ingredient label or transcriptions from a recipe book if available.
  • Calculate how much food will be needed based on estimated consumption by multiplying amounts by units per kg of body weight; multiply these values by the total number of animals expected during the time period being fed

Calculate how much protein is required by multiplying the total kg of food by the amount of protein in each ingredient (g/kg). This will tell you how many kilograms of protein is needed.

In Conclusion

The next step in the formula development process is to determine how much of each ingredient you will need. This depends on the amount of feed you have available and your own preferences for feed ingredients. You will also need to consider storage space for any unused ingredients or unused portions after mixing or blending the feed.

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