A fish hatchery is a place for artificial breeding, egg hatching, and rearing across the early life stages of aquatic animals (e.g. finfish and crustaceans). The output of a hatchery is normally fry, fingerlings or juveniles (with the respective name depending on the life stage/age of the fish). These young small fish are then transferred to an on-growing section to reach harvest size.
The quality of husbandry in the early life stages determines to a large extend the fitness, health and growth of fish in grow out settings. Aquaculture ID hatcheries provide just that; the optimal fish hatchery systems fitting each life stage in the development of African catfish, Tilapia and other fish species like common carp and ornamental fish. Our hatcheries are set up in a modular way. Each hatchery module is a small RAS (Recirculating Aquaculture System) capable of producing a fixed number of fingerlings of a certain size.
A fish hatchery is a special place where fish breeding; egg fertilization, incubation, hatching and rearing through the early stage of life into fingerling is carried out artificially. It is seminal in modern aquaculture as it allows regular supply of pond stocking materials for farmers and it also allows the improvement of the genetic and phenotypic traits of the cultured aquatic organism as desirable traits can be enhanced and undesirable traits checked or controlled through cross breeding.
In general, a hatchery can be situated on an aquaculture farm (incorporating a hatchery with normal fish production) with the sole purpose of providing fingerlings for the farm or it can be carried out in entirety on a farm (focusing solely on fingerling production).
Requirements For Fish Hatchery
Irrespective of the method of production – sole hatchery production or incorporated production, a fish hatchery requirement doesn’t change. Some of the major requirements for a fish hatchery include:
- Water: Abundance of water suitable for fish production all year round. The water should be monitored meticulously for negative changes in its chemistry and measures should be taken to counter such changes. The water should have a neutral pH, be well aerated and free from pollutants.
- Availability of feed: Although young fish generally feed on planktons, in a confined environment the supply of plankton may be limited and lead to the malnourishment of the stock. Hence, a farmer should adopt methods that will promote plankton division, proliferation and growth. Alternatively, he should ensure that there is ample supply of feed necessary for the feeding of his young fishes. The feed should be able to provide all the necessary nutrients required by the young fishes in appropriate quantity. Such feed can be purchased from an aquaculture feed store.
- Breeding fish: Breeding materials (breeding fish) should be available. Because of the sexual dimorphism in fish, it is required that farmers should obtain sexually matured male and female fish with favourable traits to serve his hatchery. Breeding materials should have a good history of rapid growth rate.
- Market: If the farmer is not operating the hatchery to feed his fish farm, there should be a ready market to patronize him of his stock.
- Equipment: There should also be hatchery equipment and supplies available. These include pond or tanks, buckets, chemical, containers, nets, aerators, filters, etc. Each of these equipment play a crucial role in the success of a hatchery. For example, a fish pond or tank is filled with water and is used to house the breeding materials and the eggs are placed in containers during spawning. For better observation of fish, a small tank is preferable. It is advised to keep male and female fish in separate tanks.
Features of Fish Hatchery Equipment
We believe that the following four requirements are essential for a successful fish hatchery:
- RAS Technology. A Recirculating Aquaculture System is ideal for controlling the water parameters. Hereby giving the young fish the optimal living conditions resulting in healthy fingerlings.
- Good genetics. Using broodstock from a well performing genetic strain improves the growth and health performance of your fish.
- High quality fish feed. The broodstock and young fish in your hatchery should be fed with high quality fish feed to give them a head start in life. Quality fish feed is not only important for your fish but also for the operation of the RAS systems as low quality fish feed spoils the filter of the RAS system.
- Proper management and staff. A successful hatchery cannot work properly without good management and the well trained staff.
Prices of Fish Hatchery Equipment