The FVRCP vaccine is an extremely effective way to protect your kitty against 3 highly contagious and life-threatening feline diseases, Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis (that’s the FVR part of the vaccine name), Feline Calicivirus (represented by the C), and Feline Panleukopenia (the P at the end of the vaccine name). This is a combination vaccine that protects cats against feline viral rhinotracheitis (feline herpes), calicivirus and feline panleukopenia (feline distemper). The feline herpes virus and calicivirus are both major causes of upper respiratory infections in cats with potentially long term, and even life long consequences. The panleukopenia virus is very contagious and can be fatal. Similar to the parvo virus in dogs, it manifests primarily as a gastrointestinal disease with suppression of the immune system. Infected cats typically display lethargy, vomiting, diarrhea and a high fever.
This core combination vaccine offers excellent protection to cats and kittens. It is important for kittens to receive this vaccination early and at an appropriate interval as a substantial percentage of the kittens/cats in the United States become infected with feline herpes virus at a very young age. Once a kitten/cat is infected with this virus, they will usually carry it for the rest of their life and may experience recurrent disease symptoms.
Feline viral rhinotracheitis (FVR, feline herpesvirus type 1, or FHV-1) is believed to be responsible for up to 80-90% of all infectious upper respiratory diseases in our feline friends. This disease can affect your cat’s nose and windpipe as well as causing problems during pregnancy. Symptoms of FVR include fever, sneezing, inflamed eyes and nose, and discharge from nose and eyes. In healthy adult cats these symptoms may be mild and begin to clear-up after about 5-10 days, however in more severe cases symptoms of FVR can last for 6 weeks or longer.
In kittens, senior cats, and immune-compromised cats symptoms of FHV-1 may persist and worsen, leading to depression, loss of appetite, severe weight loss, and sores inside of your cat’s mouth. Bacterial infections often occur in cats that are already ill with feline viral rhinotracheitis. Even after the symptoms of FVR have cleared up the virus remains dormant in your cat’s body and can flare up repeatedly over your kitty’s lifetime.
Benefits of Fvrcp Vaccine
Combination vaccines like the FVRCP vaccine help ensure that cats receive as much protection as possible without the inconvenience—and cost—of individual separate vaccination. Without the FVRCP cat vaccine, cats are more susceptible to three hazardous viruses, each of which poses a significant risk of sickness and death. These three viruses are:
Feline viral rhinotracheitis Feline viral rhinotracheitis is a feline herpes virus that can affect a cat’s upper respiratory system. Signs of this virus can include cold or flu-like symptoms such as sneezing, congestion, a runny nose, swollen or drippy eyes and fever. Your cat may also lack energy or lose their appetite, and dangerous dehydration and starvation levels may ensue. Furthermore, cats whose immune systems are compromised by feline viral rhinotracheitis can develop secondary bacterial infections, further increasing the risk of death.
Feline calicivirus Feline calicivirus is another potentially fatal upper respiratory virus. In addition to respiratory symptoms such as sneezing, congestion, a runny nose and conjunctivitis, it can also cause inflammation in your cat’s mouth. It can manifest as ulcers or sores on any of the tissue in a cat’s mouth, including the gums, lips and palate, and can even create sores on the nose. This virus can lead to severe respiratory infections like pneumonia. Some particularly deadly strains of feline calicivirus can affect other parts of a cat’s body, leading to organ diseases or lameness.
Feline panleukopenia You may have heard of feline panleukopenia by a different name—distemper. It’s widespread, highly contagious and can be deadly. This virus usually affects a cat’s bone marrow and lymph nodes, leading to decreased production of both white and red blood cells and severely lowered immunity. Symptoms can include fever, vomiting, loss of appetite, severe diarrhea that may be bloody, dehydration and exhaustion. Once contracted, it can overtake a cat’s immune system quickly and may rapidly lead to death.
FVRCP Vaccine Indications
Recommended for the vaccination of healthy, susceptible cats against feline herpesvirus-1 (the cause of feline rhinotracheitis), feline calicivirus and feline parvovirus (the cause of feline panleukopenia). Cats can be vaccinated with a single dose at 12 weeks of age. If cats are vaccinated at less than 12 weeks of age, a second vaccination should be administered at 12 – 16 weeks of age. Annual revaccination is recommended.
Dosage and Administration
Administer a single 0.2 ml dose intranasally, divided into both nostrils. NOTE: Use a new dropper for each cat vaccinated. No needles are necessary to administer the vaccine. This vaccine is NOT intended for intramuscular or subcutaneous injection.
STEP 1: Remove the cap and rubber stopper from one vial of liquid vaccine and one vial of lyophilized vaccine.
STEP 2: Using the nasal dropper, transfer the liquid vaccine (0.2 ml) to the lyophilized vaccine vial.
STEP 3: Mix the vaccine in the vial with a gentle swirling motion.
STEP 4: Once dissolved, immediately withdraw the rehydrated vaccine into the nasal dropper.
STEP 5: Vaccinate the cat by placing the vaccine equally in each nostril. Avoid touching the nose with the dropper.
Contains 20 (1 dose) vials of dry vaccine, 20 (0.2 ml) vials of liquid vaccine and 20 droppers.
Store out of direct sunlight at a temperature between 35°F and 45°F (2°C – 7°C). Use the entire contents of the vaccine when first opened. Do not vaccinate pregnant animals. Do not use in kittens younger than 4 weeks of age. Burn containers and all unused contents. In rare instances, reactions can occur due to unusual sensitivity following use of this product. In such cases, administer epinephrine as an antidote. The vaccine will not protect against disease in the face of incubating feline herpesvirus, feline calicivirus or feline parvovirus infection. Therefore, only healthy cats should be considered as candidates for vaccination.
Transient sneezing for one or more days after vaccination is not uncommon. A small number of cats may experience other mild post-vaccination side effects including ocular and/or nasal discharge, GI signs (such as vomiting) or, in rare instances, nasal or oral ulcers. A transient slight drop in the white blood cell count has been noted at times after vaccination. These signs are usually mild and clear without treatment.
Side Effects from The FVRCP Vaccine
Side effects from vaccines are unusual in cats, and when they do occur they tend to be very mild. Most cats that do experience side effects will develop a slight fever and feel a little ‘off’ for a day or two. It is not unusual for there to be a small amount of swelling at the injection site.
In some very rare cases, more extreme reactions can occur. In these cases symptoms tend to appear before the cat has even left the vet’s office, although they can appear up to 48 hours following the vaccination. The symptoms of a more severe reaction may include hives, swelling around the lips and eyes, itchiness, fever, diarrhea, vomiting and breathing difficulties. If your cat is displaying any of the more severe symptoms of a reaction listed above, contact your vet immediately or visit the emergency animal hospital nearest you.
Prices of Fvrcp Vaccine