Yam is a root vegetable that is harvested in the late summer and fall. It can take up to three months for yams to be ready for harvest. The first step in growing yams is planting them. The seeds should be planted in early spring, as soon as the ground can be worked. They should be planted in rows spaced about 24 inches apart, with each row spaced about 36 inches from its neighbor. This will allow enough room for the yams to spread out as they grow and prevent crowding of the plants when they reach maturity.
Yams can be grown from both seed and tubers. Seeds are available at most garden centers or nurseries; however, most growers prefer to buy established plants rather than start their own seedlings because of the time it takes for them to grow and mature into mature plants capable of producing tubers.
Once planted, yams need plenty of water and sunshine. They are not drought-tolerant plants and should receive at least 1 inch of water per week throughout their entire growing season (which may last up until frost). If there are no irrigation systems available, hand watering should be done every other day during dry periods; otherwise, the plant may suffer stunted growth or die altogether due.
The harvest time for yams depends on the variety of the plant, but it typically ranges from 4 to 6 months. Yam is a tropical plant that grows naturally in warm climates. It can be grown as a houseplant, but it is more commonly cultivated in outdoor gardens. The plant can grow up to 3 feet tall and has large leaves that produce flowers and fruit. The flowers are white or pinkish-white and grow on long stems that are supported by thick stalks. Both flowers and fruits are edible.
The fruit of the yam is actually a tuberous root that grows underground. If you don’t plan on eating your yams right away, then you should harvest them when they’re young; this will help them keep longer before spoiling in storage.
After four to five months of planting yam tubers, you will discover that the vine has started to die off. This is the time for you to harvest your yams. When you notice the vine turning yellow and dry, it is an indication that your yams are ripe and ready for harvest.
When To Plant Yam
The best time to plant yams is during the spring or fall. Yam plants are tropical and need a lot of heat to grow well. They can be planted in any season, but you will get better results if you plant them outside when the temperatures are between 65°F and 85°F (18°C-29°C).
Yam is a warm season crop that loves hot weather and doesn’t do well in cold climates. In fact, yams suffer frost damage when temperatures drop below 50°F (10°C). If your growing area has cool winters, wait until after the danger of frost has passed before planting your yams so they have plenty of time to grow before summer arrives.
The soil requirement for yam is well drained, sandy loam. Yam does not grow well in heavy clay soil or very acidic or alkaline soils.
Yams are grown as an annual crop and are cultivated after the rainy season to take advantage of the high moisture content in the soil at that time. In areas with a long dry season, yams can be planted after each rainy season until a total of six crops have been harvested from one planting area.
Use fertilizer, manure and compost. Fertilizer is a synthetic or organic product that helps plants grow by providing nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium (NPK). Manure is animal waste used as a fertilizer to enrich the soil with organic matter. Compost is organic materials processed into a humus-like material which can be used as a soil amendment or fertilizer. It differs from typical fertilizers in its ability to retain moisture and release nutrients over time versus immediately upon application.
- Seed treatment is important to prevent seedborne diseases.
- Seed treatment is done to prevent seedborne diseases.
- Soil is the medium of plant growth, and it consists of organic and inorganic constituents. Soils are classified according to their texture, structure, pH, color and odor etc.(Soil texture refers to the relative proportions of sand, silt and clay present in soil).
Planting Of Yam
- The best time to plant yam is the month of November.
- The second best time to plant yam is the month of December.
- The third best time to plant yam is the month of January.
- The fourth best time to plant yam is the month of February.
- The fifth best time to plant yam is the month of March, which is also known as “Yam Month”.
How To Fertilize Yam
Fertilization is very important for yam production. It helps to increase the yield, promote growth and disease resistance, improve shelf life, etc. When you are growing yam, it is essential to apply balanced fertilizer at the rate of 20-25 kg/ha every season. You should apply fertilizer at planting time as well as after harvesting. Fertilizer should be applied just before weeding so that weeds do not take over your garden area and restrict plant growth.
How to Harvest Yams
There are numerous ways to harvest yams. The most common way is harvesting the yam tops when they turn yellowish in color and have rotted slightly in the ground. The roots will also start to be visible at this stage, but it may not be time for harvesting yet. You should wait until most of them are ready before you start digging and lifting them out of their holes.
If you want to dig up your yams earlier than normal then look for any sign of browning leaves that could mean an early frost or freeze coming soon so that you can get them out before they are damaged by cold weather conditions. This can be a good indication if they might go bad before they ripen up completely as well, so if there’s even just one leaf turning brown then try digging up some first before taking more risks with others later on down the road.”
How Many Month Does It Take To Harvest Yam
Yam is a staple food in many parts of the world.
Yam is mostly grown in tropical countries, where it thrives well and provides nutritious food. In some areas, yam is considered to be a primary crop because it can feed a large number of people during the growing season.
It takes between 3-6 months for yam to mature and become ready for harvest. However, harvesting should only be done at certain times of year as mentioned below:
- Harvesting should be done during the dry season (May-October) when soil moisture levels are low
- The leaves of the plant should turn yellow before harvesting begins; this shows that yam has reached maturity and is ready for harvest
Store the Yams
Now that you have harvested your yams, it is important to store them properly.
- Store the yams in a cool, dry place. The ideal temperature is between 50 and 60 degrees Fahrenheit (10-15 degrees Celsius).
- Store the yams in a ventilated container.
- Store them in a dry place. If you live in an area with high humidity or rain, keep your harvested yams indoors until they are ready for use so they will not mold while they are stored.
Tips to harvest yam
To harvest yams, use the following tools:
- A shovel to dig yams.
- A knife to cut the yam.
- A fork to dig yams.
- A fork or a shovel to cut the yam.
Yam is one of the important food crops in the world and especially in Nigeria. It is essential to note that yam cannot be eaten raw. Therefore, it has to be cooked before consumption. When preparing a meal with yam, some of its beneficial nutrients may be lost if not properly prepared.