The scientific name for the Goblin Shark is Mitsukurina owstoni. Mitsukurina refers to the Goblin’s Shark’s family, Mitsukurinidae. The second part of their scientific name, owstoni, was chosen in honor of Alan Owston. Owston was a collect of Asian wildlife who lived in the late 1800s and early 1900s, around the time the they were first discovered. Goblin Sharks are also sometimes called living fossils because their lineage can be traced back 125 million years.
A goblin shark’s top and bottom teeth are attached to ligaments, or bands of skin tissue, tucked into its mouth. When prey is just out of reach, the shark extends the elastic tissue out of the mouth to nab the grub. This allows the animal to chow down on snacks such as teleost fish and squid. It also makes the shark one jaw-dropping fish!
The Goblin Shark (Mitsukurina Owstoni) is a species of shark that is often referred to as a living fossil as their ancestry can be traced back extensively. They have sharp tiny teeth that are arranged in multiple rows and a long and flat snout that resembles a sword blade. Goblin Sharks have a unique protruding jaw that extends rapidly to catch prey.
How Many Bones Do Sharks Have?
Sharks do not have any bones in their bodies, as their skeleton system is made up of cartilage and connective tissue. This classifies them as Chondrichthyes fish. Cartilage is flexible and has about half of the normal density found in bones.
What Do Sharks Eat?
The diet of a shark varies from shark to shark depending on the species, habitat, and available prey. There are over 400 species of sharks. Most sharks are carnivorous and predators, while some are planktivorous. Sharks aren’t picky and are able to adjust their diet to what is available in order to survive.
What Do Goblin Sharks Eat?
These sharks eat a variety of different types of food. Dragonfishes, rattails, and other teleost fish are among some of the foods they prefer. They also eat crustaceans, such as decapods and isopods, and cephalopods. Based on the types of species that these Sharks are known to eat, including bottom- and midwater-dwelling species, it seems that they will look for food at different depths.
It is hypothesized that these sharks are ambush predators. Ambush predators rely on using strategy, rather than speed, to capture their prey. Their snouts, called rostrums, have specialized organs designed to help them find food in the low-light environment. These organs enable them to sense a fish’s electric field. When they sense an animal within their range, they use their special snout and jaws to capture it. Their jaws protrude forward very quickly to bite the prey before it suspects anything.
How Do Sharks Sleep?
It is not known if sharks are able to sleep, but they do seem to have periods of rest. Sharks need to keep water moving over their gills to receive oxygen. Some sharks need to keep moving all the times to keep water over their gills, while others have spiracles, an opening behind each eye, that allows them to breath while they are still.
Where Are Goblin Shark Found?
Goblin Sharks can live in all three of the major oceans: the Atlantic Ocean, the Pacific Ocean, and the Indian Ocean. They live relatively deep below the surface of the water and can often be found near the upper continental slope between 890 and 3,150 feet below sea level. At times, Goblin Sharks may venture further beneath the surface of the water. One has been caught as deep as 4,300 feet below the surface. They also sometimes come to shallower water and have even been accidentally caught in fishing nets a few times.
Where Do Goblin Sharks Live?
Goblin Sharks have been found in the Atlantic Ocean near French Guiana, Brazil, France, Portugal, Senegal, and along the seamounts of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. They also live in the Indo-Pacific and Oceania near Mozambique, South Africa, New Zealand, Australia, Japan, and Taiwan. Based on the areas where Goblin Sharks have found, it is pretty clear that they are widely distributed around the globe.
What Class Of Animal Does A Goblin Shark Belong To?
Goblin sharks belong to the Mitsukurinidae genus of the fish class of Animalia.
How Many Goblin Sharks Are There In The World?
Even though the Mitsukurinidae family is dated 120 million years ago, today only one species of the goblin shark exists with no research or record of the exact living number.
How Do They Reproduce?
Goblin shark females are known to be viviparous in nature. The female sharks keep their eggs within themselves, a process known as internal fertilization, and then give live birth to a young baby shark. The animals giving live birth are called viviparous. The young shark has a size of 32 in, which is information based on the specimens found earlier.
What Do Goblin Sharks Look Like?
This species of shark is considered to be on the uglier side due to its distinctive features. The snout shark mouth with sharp teeth and the ability of their jaws to extend widely while feeding makes it look potentially dangerous. Goblin shark’s long snout in front of their mouth helps them prey on small fish, crabs, and squid with the goblin shark teeth. They have small fins that help them breathe under the water.
How Big Is A Goblin Shark?
Though female goblin sharks can grow as big as 18-20 ft in size, it is a rare sight. Hence, these species are not included in the big shark list with an average size of 12-13 ft. They are just a few inches smaller than the Pacific sleeper sharks that are recorded to be 14.4 ft big.
How Fast Can A Goblin Shark Swim?
As they have a flabby body, bad eyesight, and tiny fins, they are not considered to be fast swimmers. Still, if need be they can swim as fast as 20 kph or 15 mph.
How Much Does A Goblin Shark Weigh?
The average weight of this living fossil is recorded to range between 330–460 lb.
What Are Their Male And Female Names Of The Species?
Although the goblin shark has different names in Japanese, African, and other languages, there is no distinction in the species names based on their gender.
What Do They Eat?
The feeding style of the goblin shark is quite distinct. The goblin shark jaws tend to widen up to three inches to catch the prey. The list of goblin shark prey includes crabs, squids, and different small species of fish that are caught by them. Goblin shark attacks the prey with the snout in front of the mouth. The goblin shark bite then completes the feeding process by widening the jaws and eating.
Are They Dangerous?
Even though goblin sharks have wide-opening jaws with strong upper teeth, they are dangerous only for marine creatures. This species of living fossil is rarely caught on the surface and has not come in contact with human beings. Hence is not considered to be a danger to humans. However, since it is so big in size, it could pose a threat to humans.
Do Humans Eat Them?
Although many countries have engaged in relishing shark meat, due to its rarity, fishing of goblin sharks is rarely done. Though their meat can be dried and salted and sold just as other shark meats, this species is rarely considered a delicacy for any human being in historical events.
How Deep Do Goblin Sharks Live?
Goblin Sharks have been caught as deep as 4,300 feet beneath the surface. Though, they are more frequently found at depths between 890 and 3,150 feet along the upper continental slope.
Are Goblin Sharks Herbivores, Carnivores, Or Omnivores?
Goblin Sharks are Carnivores, meaning they eat other animals.