Mako Shark, (genus Isurus), either of two species of swift, active, potentially dangerous sharks of the mackerel shark family, Lamnidae. The shortfin mako (Isurus oxyrinchus) is found in all tropical and temperate seas, and the longfin mako (I. paucus) is scattered worldwide in tropical seas.

Shortfin mako sharks have a large geographical range and are found widely in tropical to temperate latitudes of all oceans. Everywhere that they live, they are either targeted commercially or captured accidentally in fisheries targeting other species. These sharks are valued for the high quality of their fins and meat. Fishers that use longline fishing gear to target swordfish, yellowfin tuna, and other tunas regularly capture shortfin mako sharks and keep them to sell commercially. Other fisheries use longline or gillnet fishing gear to specifically target these sharks. The combination of these practices is driving down populations of shortfin makos all around the world, and scientists now believe them to be vulnerable to extinction. Without increased conservation and management efforts, this species’ populations will continue to decline, perhaps to a dangerous degree.

Mako shark, also known as grey-blue shark, is a close relative of great white shark. This shark can be found in the oceans around the world. Mako sharks can survive in warm and cold waters. They are equally well adapted to the shallow coastal waters and deep waters of an open sea. Mako sharks are targeted by recreational anglers. They are rarely hunted because of their skin, fins, teeth and oil, but unfortunately they often end up trapped in fishing nets by accident (bycatch). Mako sharks are listed as vulnerable, which means that they may become endangered in the near future.

Lifespan Of A Mako Shark

The lifespan of a Mako Shark is from 28 to 35 years. As with many other sharks, it appears this species is living longer as time progresses. The cause for this is largely unknown. We do know that females are getting older at a quicker pace than males.

What Class Of Animal Does A Shortfin Mako Shark Belong To?

The shortfin mako sharks belong to the Chondrichthyes class of animals. They belong to the family of Lamnidae.

How Many Shortfin Mako Sharks Are There In The World?

The exact population of this marine species is not yet known. However, there has been a rapid decline in their population over the years. Currently, they are listed as an Endangered marine species by the International Union for Conservation of Nature. Commercial fishing is one of the main reasons behind the vulnerable position of this species.

Where Does A Shortfin Mako Shark Live?

Shortfin mako sharks can be found in the Western Atlantic, in the regions of Argentina, the Gulf of Mexico, Nova Scotia, and Brown Banks. They are also found in the Pacific ocean and Indian ocean as well.

What Is A Shortfin Mako Shark’s Habitat?

Shortfin mako sharks can be found in temperate and tropical water bodies. Very often, they can be found closer to shores or around inlets and islands.

Who Do Shortfin Mako Sharks Live With?

Found in the Atlantic ocean, shortfin mako sharks are generally solitary creatures, however, they can sometimes be found in small groups consisting of same-sex individuals.

How Long Does A Shortfin Mako Shark Live?

The lifespan of the female shortfin mako sharks is longer than that of the males. While the average lifespan of the male is 29 years, females can live as long as 32 years in the wild.

How Do They Reproduce?

Female makos reach their sexual maturity much later than males. The males attain their sexual maturity at the age of eight years, however, females take up to 18 years to reach sexual maturity. Females are ovoviviparous by nature, that is, they give birth to live pups. The gestation period lasts for 15-18 months, after which they give birth to up to 18 live pups. There is a gap of 18 months, after which the female will start to reproduce again.

What Do Shortfin Mako Sharks Look Like?

Found in the Atlantic ocean, this species of shark is a large shark with a cylindrically shaped body that has the unique feature of countershading, where the upper side is darker in color than its underside. The upper side of the shortfin mako shark is metallic blue in color while its underside is whiter in color. It has well-developed black eyes and large, sharp teeth. Its pectoral fins are smaller in size than its caudal fins which help them to move through the water.

How Cute Are They?

The shortfin makos are not at all cute, like most other species of sharks. They have large sharp teeth and a large body that has a ferocious appearance. When encountered by one, the best possible decision at that moment for a human being is to get away from it as fast as possible.

How Do They Communicate?

This species of mako sharks are aggressive creatures and not much is known about how they communicate with each other. Sharks, in general, do not possess the ability to emit sound, so they communicate with each other through various body movements like opening their jaws or moving their heads. They also sometimes arch their bodies to send out certain signals to other individuals.

How Big Is A Shortfin Mako Shark?

This species of mako shark is a large-sized shark and the size of an adult male is 10 ft (3.2 m ). Females are larger in size than males and they can reach up to 12 ft (3.8 m) in length. They are smaller in length than the whale shark, which is considered to be the largest shark in the world.

How Fast Can A Shortfin Mako Shark Swim?

The shortfin mako sharks are fast swimmers and can reach up to a speed of 19.8 mph or 32 kph. They can cover a distance of 34.2 miles, 55 km, per day. It is considered to be the fastest shark around the world and is way faster than the Greenland shark, which is considered to be the slowest shark in the world. Their speed helps them to evade predators like the great white shark.

How Much Does A Shortfin Mako Shark Weigh?

The weight of an adult male mako shark of this species ranges from  132–298 lb (60–135 kg). Females are slightly heavier than males.

What Are Their Male And Female Names Of The Species?

There is no sex-specific name for this species of makos.

What Would You Call A Baby Shortfin Mako Shark?

Baby shortfin mako sharks are called pups.

What Do They Eat?

Found in the Atlantic ocean, the food of this species of makos are a large range of aquatic fish and animals like mackerel, swordfish, and tuna. Bony fish is also part of their diet. They are also known to eat other young shark species, green sea turtles, and dolphins. They are fast swimmers and their speed helps them to catch their prey easily.

Are They Dangerous?

Yes, shortfin makos are dangerous, especially when they are provoked or caught. There have been many known cases of this shark attacking humans. Their large body, fast speed, and aggressive nature make them extremely dangerous and fierce. Their fast swimming ability helps them to evade predators and catch their prey easily.

Threats And Conservation

The mako shark is an important species for commercial fishing. In addition to its flesh, fins, oil, liver, and cartilage, its jaws and teeth are decorative objects and even trophies. And like other species of sharks, it is a victim of bycatch.

The species is considered “Vulnerable” in the Red List of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature. As a consequence, some organizations have taken action on the matter in an attempt to protect and guarantee the survival of this shark species. For example, the United Nations Fish Stock Agreement (UNFSA), demands countries to create conservation strategies and follow the International Plan of Action for the Conservation and Protection of sharks, recommending a continuous assessment of the status of the shark populations, which also includes the mako shark.

Leave a Reply

error: Content is protected !!
%d bloggers like this: