Small in size but big in personality, the Yorkshire Terrier makes a feisty but loving companion. The most popular toy dog breed in the United States, the “Yorkie” has won many fans with their devotion to their owners, their elegant looks, and their suitability to apartment living.
First, one may have assumed that their Yorkie was going to fall on the lighter end of the scale and be closer to 4 pounds. However one must remember the 7 pound maximum is the standard for AKC conformation in the show ring. And this means that there are lots of Yorkshire Terriers that are 8 and 9 pounds…And are perfectly healthy purebreds.
It is very important to keep your Yorkshire Terrier at an adequate weight. Unless your vet advises otherwise, you should try and keep your dog in the weight-range typical for his or her breed and gender. By analyzing thousands of data points, we created the real-life Yorkshire Terrier weight distribution chart. For a typical female, the weight ranges from 2.8kg to 4.3kg and for a male from 3.1Kg to 4.6kg. That is, 6.2lbs to 9.5lbs for females and 6.8lbs to 10.1lbs for males.
General Features Of A Standard Yorkie
- Yorkshire Terriers are known for being difficult to housetrain. Crate-training is recommended.
- Yorkshire Terriers don’t like the cold and are prone to chills, especially if they’re damp or in damp areas.
- Because of their small size, delicate structure, and terrier personality, Yorkshire Terrier generally aren’t recommended for households with toddlers or small children.
- Some Yorkshire Terriers can be “yappy,” barking at every sound they hear. Early and consistent training can help. If you don’t feel qualified to provide this training, consult a professional dog trainer.
- Yorkshire Terriers can have delicate digestive systems and may be picky eaters. Eating problems can occur if your Yorkie has teeth or gum problems as well. If your Yorkie is showing discomfort when eating or after eating, take him to the vet for a checkup.
- Yorkshire Terriers think they are big dogs and will try to pick a fight with a big dog if allowed. Be sure to keep your Yorkie under control. Even better, try to socialize your Yorkie at an early age by taking him to obedience classes.
- Yorkies tend to retain their puppy teeth, especially the canines. When your puppy is around five months old, check his teeth often. If you notice that an adult tooth is trying to come in but the baby tooth is still there, take him to your vet. Retained baby teeth can cause the adult teeth to come in unevenly, which may contribute to tooth decay in later years.
- To get a healthy dog, never buy a puppy from an irresponsible breeder, puppy mill, or pet store. Look for a reputable breeder who tests her breeding dogs to make sure they’re free of genetic diseases that they might pass onto the puppies, and that they have sound temperaments.
- social and inquisitive
- “yappy” and territorial
- quiet when content and secure
- more suited for adults (over the age 10)
- uncertain around children
- easily trained
- responds well to praise
- travel well
How Big Are Yorkshire Terriers?
According to the AKC, Yorkshire Terriers should measure between 7 and 8 inches (17.8 – 20.3 cm) to the withers (the ridge at the base of the neck, between the shoulder blades) and should weigh 7 pounds (3.18 kg) or less. However, not all Yorkies fall within these limits.
This detailed guide should contain everything you need to know about the size of your Yorkshire terrier, including what size you can expect a Yorkie puppy to grow to based on their current weight and how a Yorkie’s size can affect their health. See how your Yorkie measures up and what that could mean.
What Is The Average Weight Of A Yorkie?
Yorkies usually weigh between 4 and 7 pounds (1.81 and 3.18kg), but purebred Yorkies weighing anywhere up to 10 pounds are not that uncommon.
There have also been cases, although quite unusual, of purebred Yorkies weighing in excess of 15 pounds ! However, usually for Yorkies that are so large, it’s down to a larger dog breed having been introduced somewhere in their ancestry.
As long as your Yorkie is in good shape and has a reasonable diet along with good exercise you shouldn’t worry too much.
Yorkies’ weight may fluctuate depending on their nutrition, exercise, and lifestyle. Nevertheless, if your fully grown Yorkie weighs less than 4 pounds (1.81kg) they are considered to be underweight.
Are Small Yorkies Healthy?
The popularity of “micro breeds” has resulted in some breeders attempting to breed increasingly smaller Yorkies. Unfortunately, these tiny Yorkies often suffer from serious Yorkie health problems. So-called ‘Teacup’ Yorkies are often more susceptible to collapsed trachea, digestive issues, and other serious health risks. In fact, Teacup Yorkies have a shorter life expectancy than their full-sized counterparts.
If you have a Teacup Yorkie, pay special attention to their health. And if you’re considering getting a new Yorkie puppy, please don’t support breeders specifically marketing a Teacup breed.
What If My Yorkie Is Overweight?
Yorkshire Terriers can quickly become overweight if they aren’t exercising regularly or eating the right food. Once a dog begins gaining a few extra pounds, it becomes harder for them to lose weight and usually leads to even more weight gain.
There are health concerns when dealing with an overweight Yorkie. Obesity in your dog puts more strain on their heart and can even cause depression.
Obesity is linked to canine diabetes, early onset of arthritis, a shorter lifespan, kidney disease, skin disorders, respiratory disorders, high blood pressure, and increased risk of some cancers.
At What Age Are They Considered Full-Grown?
Yorkies stop growing in height and weight at 4 years of age and should match the breed standard of under 7 pounds (3.2 kg) in weight and 7–8 inches in height (no more than 9 inches at the shoulder).
Common Health Problems In The Breed
Like any purebred, Yorkies are prone to several health issues and generally die from congenital disease complications (the 4th leading causing of death for 1-year-olds).
This condition is an unfortunate one in which the portal vein, responsible for delivering blood to the liver for purification, is malformed and sends blood that has not be purified directly to the major organs. This condition requires surgical intervention. Symptoms include the inability to thrive—vomiting and diarrhea, weakness, small stature, and behavioral issues.
This condition is extremely common in toy breeds and results from the weakening of the tracheal rings. It’s characterized by coughing, difficult breathing, and secondary lung diseases. Yorkies with this condition may require surgery, but it can be managed with special leads and harnesses that do not put pressure on the trachea.
Yorkies tend to retain deciduous teeth and their petite mouths often lead to bad breath, tooth overcrowding, and the need for intervention via extraction, etc. Brushing your dog’s teeth regularly will help to reduce superficial issues, but overcrowding can only be resolved with extractions.