Persimmons are a popular fruit that can be grown in most climates. They require full sun and need to be planted in well-drained soil. They are hardy enough to grow in USDA zones 5 through 9. You can start persimmon seeds indoors or directly in the ground as long as you have a sunny location for them. There are several varieties of persimmon trees, including the Fuyu, Hachiya and Shimpaku, which all produce different types of fruit. The Fuyu is sweet when ripe and is ready to eat when it softens and turns orange in color; the Hachiya has an edible seed inside that must be removed before eating; while the Shimpaku is tart until completely ripe then becomes sweet like an apple.
For a lot of people, it’s a surprise to learn that persimmons can be grown from seed. It might seem like the whole fruit is designed to be eaten, but actually, the seeds inside are a tasty treat in their own right.
Persimmon trees are native to China, Japan, India and Korea. They grow best in warm climates with plenty of rain. Persimmons are drought-resistant and can survive in areas with poor soil conditions. The trees thrive in full sun or partial shade and need plenty of water during the growing season (spring through fall). They prefer well-drained soil that is rich in organic matter.
Which Persimmons to Use
- Use ripe persimmon seeds. You can’t use unripe or green persimmon seeds as they will not germinate.
- Use seeds from the fruit you want to grow. If growing a new tree, make sure your chosen variety bears fruit similar to what you want to plant – some varieties that bear small fruit are better suited for container gardening than others and vice versa.
- Use seeds from the same tree if possible, but not necessarily essential if seed supply is limited (this is especially true if you’re looking for a different type of cultivar).
- Use seeds from the same variety but do not depend on this alone since different varieties have been bred to have different characteristics – some may be more prolific than others when it comes to fruiting or produce fruits at different times during the year depending on their climate zone requirements.
Preparing the Seeds
- Cleaning the seeds:
a. Gather a large bowl of water and some paper towels or cheesecloth.
b. Seeds are encased in a hard shell that needs to be removed before planting them outside (or else they will not grow). Fill the bowl with water, then drop in your seeds and let them soak for 10 minutes. Remove them from the water and dry them on paper towels or cheesecloth until they are completely dry before storing them in an airtight container like a mason jar with lid or plastic baggie with twist tie at room temperature where you can see it until it’s time to plant again next year.
Planting the Seeds
If you have chosen the right seeds, they will have a hard coating around them which will prevent them from breaking when planted. If you are unsure if your seeds are ripe, gently rub your thumb against one of the seeds and if it is ready to be planted, it should stick to your thumb.
To plant the seedlings in an area that will provide adequate water and sunlight, dig a hole approximately 1-1/2 inches deep using either your hand or trowel. Planting too shallowly can result in poor germination while planting too deeply can damage the embryo inside of the seed as well as reduce its ability to absorb nutrients from soil once it begins growing. When planting multiple seeds together in one hole (such as with squash), make sure there is at least two inches separating each one so that roots do not become tangled together over time. Be sure not plant any more than five centimeters apart from each other so that all plants receive adequate light for optimal growth during their first few years of life before being transplanted further apart into larger pots or fields where space permits.
Land preparation for Persimmon From Seed
Before you begin planting your trees, you’ll need to prepare the soil. As a rule of thumb, it should be moist and rich with organic matter. The best way to do this is by adding compost or manure (if available) to the topsoil before planting.
If you don’t have access to either of these materials, try mixing in some water-soluble fertilizer around your tree holes once they’re dug out. Gypsum can also help improve drainage if needed; just sprinkle some on top of your hole after watering it down prior to planting time, this will help prevent any hardpan from forming at ground level while simultaneously improving pH levels below ground as well along with exchange capacity (how much available space there is for water molecules).
Germination Time and Conditions
The germination time and conditions of the persimmon seeds can take between 30-90 days, depending on the type of persimmon you’re growing and the conditions in which they’re kept. The length of this period is affected by a number of factors including:
- The temperature at which they are stored.
- The humidity levels in your home or garden (if you choose to grow them outdoors).
- How mature your seeds are at purchase time.
Seed treatment of Persimmon From Seed
There are many ways to treat the seed. Soak the seeds in water for 24 hours without any chemical treatment. The next step is to soak in water with a fungicide and a hormone for 24 hours. Next, repeat soaking method with fungicide and hormone but increase soaking time up to 48 hours.
How to Care for Persimmon Seedlings
- Keep the soil moist.
- Provide plenty of light.
- Provide a trellis for the seedlings to climb on.
- Don’t over water the seedlings, but do make sure they don’t dry out either.
- Don’t over fertilize them; too much nitrogen can cause root rot and other issues in persimmon trees.
Transplant Seedling to Garden
Transplanting is the most important step in growing persimmon from seed. If you have not already done so, transplant your seedlings into the garden when they are well established and still small (before their first leaves emerge). Transplanting should be done in the spring or fall because these times of year are best for root development.
You can transplant very small plants by placing them gently in a bucket of water and carefully spreading them out before moving them. Otherwise, dig holes wide enough to set the roots down horizontally with space between each plant equal to its width across at its base (this will allow room for growth). Water well after planting and keep moist until new growth starts up again.
You can germinate persimmon seeds in pots or in situ, but you’ll need to be patient
The first step to germinating persimmon seeds is to find a viable seed. You can do this by choosing a ripe persimmon and splitting it open, or you can simply dig up a seedling that’s at least six inches tall. The next step is to soak the seeds in water for 24 hours before planting them. If you plan on planting them directly into the ground (instead of growing them in pots), make sure that your soil temperature is between 60 and 70 degrees Fahrenheit.
For those who prefer their gardening indoors, pots are an excellent option for maintaining ideal temperatures and moisture levels for your new crop of trees. Start by filling each container with potting soil before sowing one or two seeds within each one; once they’ve germinated, remove any remaining soil from around the base of each plant so that its roots don’t grow into it later on down the line!
How to fertilize Persimmon From Seed
It’s important to select a fertilizer that contains the proper nutrients for your persimmon tree. Use a balanced fertilizer with high phosphorus, potassium, nitrogen and calcium content. You can purchase a balanced fertilizer locally or online.
To begin fertilizing your persimmon tree:
- Remove the container from the pot and place it on a flat surface such as a table or patio. The container should have drainage holes in the bottom so water can drain out easily after you water your plant.
- Fill an empty plastic container (such as an empty soda bottle) with water and allow it to sit out until it warms up slightly before adding it to soil around roots of your tree; this will help prevent shock if cold water is poured onto roots during planting process.
When to harvest Persimmon From Seed
The perfect time to harvest persimmon from seed is when the fruit is mature, but not yet mature enough to rot or split. The fruit should be soft and pliable, but not mushy or bruised. It’s important not to wait too long until you harvest your fruit because if it gets too large it could crack open naturally due to the weight of its own flesh. The ideal size for harvesting persimmons are between 2-3 inches in length and will hold their shape when squeezed gently between two fingers. A larger fruit may not be ready at all! Once they become too ripe, they will feel very sticky on the outside and have a strong odor similar iced tea mixed with alcohol (don’t worry, this doesn’t mean that there’s alcohol inside).