Mango season is here. Mango season lasts for a few months, usually from June to August. If you want to pick mangoes from your tree, it’s best to wait until they’re ripe. Ripe mangoes are sweeter and more flavorful than unripe ones. The best way to determine if a mango is ripe is by smelling it; when you press your nose against its skin, you should be able to detect the sweet aroma of ripeness in the fruit’s flesh behind its thin peel.
Mango trees grow throughout the tropical and subtropical world. In most regions, mango ripen during the summer months of June and August; this period is considered the peak season for mangoes because so many varieties (or cultivars) are ripening this time of year. You can identify a ripe mango by its color and slightly soft exterior. When picking a mango from the tree, you’ll have to gently twist the fruit from the stem. However, if you notice any damage to the skin, avoid that mango.
If you’re a fan of the sweet, juicy fruit, then you’ll be happy to know that it’s mango season right now. Mangoes are in high demand during their growing season, which runs from spring through fall. If you have a mango tree in your yard, then you’re ready to pick some ripe fruit. Here’s what you need to know before heading out on an adventure with your basket and pail:
About Growing Mango
Mango is a tropical fruit that grows on trees. It is native to India and Southeast Asia, but it can now be found in many tropical areas around the world. Mango trees are usually grown near sea level, but they do not grow well at high altitudes. Growing mangoes from seed is a great way to be sure you have a tree that bears fruit. They’re easy to grow and require only moderate maintenance, making them perfect for beginners.
When planting mangoes, it is best to do so in autumn. This allows them to become established before the growing season begins. Before planting, prepare your garden and talk to a gardener about soil management and space, these trees can grow as high as 35 feet. Once you have dug a hole with the same depth as the pot, add organic matter such as compost or rotted manure to the bottom of the hole.
Fill the hole with compost or a balanced fertilizer and then place your mango seedling in it. Water gently until all of the soil is moistened thoroughly but not soggy. Place mulch around the base of your new tree so it stays cool and moist until it’s established itself firmly in its new home.
Mango trees take about three years to produce fruit during which time they must be protected from frost damage and over-watering during dry spells, another reason why you might want to buy your own tree instead of going out into someone else’s backyard where all kinds of things could go wrong.
Mangoes are eaten raw or cooked. In most countries, mangoes are eaten fresh (uncooked). They’re sometimes made into jams or juices as well. In India, people often eat mango with salt and chili peppers; this combination is called “amchoor” (pronounced ah-mcho-roor) by Indians who live there.
Mango Classification Based on Ripening Stage
Mangoes are classified based on ripening stage. Generally, there are three different stages of mangoes: green, yellow and red. The unripe mangoes are generally very hard and have a dull skin with a light green color. They can be stored in a refrigerator for several days before they become ripe. On the other hand, ripe mangoes have a glossy appearance with yellow or orange-red colors depending on the variety of mangos being eaten.
Mangos are classified as early, mid-season and late-season varieties. A late-season variety is ripe later than an early one. Varieties based on their season of expected ripeness are listed below.
Early-Season Mango Cultivars
Early-season mango cultivars are the first to ripen in the spring, and they are best for warm climates. The juicy flesh is sweet and mild, with a firm texture that can be enjoyed fresh or used in cooking (it’s great for desserts). They tend to be small trees, so they don’t require much space in your backyard. Early varieties are also good choices if you live in an area where mangoes don’t grow well year-round—they’re less susceptible to cold temperatures than later varieties.
Sabre, Irwin and Tommy Atkins are early mango cultivars that should be planted in the spring. Sabre produces small to medium yellow with red cheeked fruit. Irwin is also yellow with red cheeks and tends to have a fibrous texture. Tommy Atkins is an oblong shaped mango with an oval to oblong shape, dark red flesh with green and yellow accents. Due to their compact growth habit and early ripening time, these cultivars are suitable for the home garden.
The cultivar is suitable for all production areas and tolerant to bacterial black spot and anthracnose.
Mid-Season Mango Cultivars
Mid-season mangoes provide a great supply of tropical fruit during the summer months and are known for their sweet, juicy taste. The perfect choice for a backyard tree, they can be grown in subtropical and tropical climates.
Kent and Heidi are our top mid-season mango cultivars. Each is a great source of nutrients and packed with essential vitamins and minerals.
Kent is a mid-season to late-maturing mango cultivar. The tree itself is medium sized with a spreading, open canopy and regular production. In addition to being very sweet, this cultivar has firm, smooth flesh and a high fibre content making it a healthy option for your family.
Heidi is a medium to large heart-shaped mango with a distinct flavour. It has firm, green skin and sweet, creamy flesh that turns golden yellow when ripe. Its tree is vigorous and produces fruit during its first fruiting year. Heidi ripens in early April and can be harvested before it gets over-ripe, about 1 week after it begins to soften.
Late-Season Mango Cultivars
While there are plenty of good mango choices available year-round, the best late-season mangoes are those that can handle their heat. Since they’re grown in warmer climates, they tend to be juicier, sweeter and tastier than those grown in colder areas.
For a sweet ending to the season, Neelam and Keitt are two late-season mango cultivars that provide good quality fruit. The fruit of these cultivars has yellow to orange flesh and an excellent flavor profile. They are medium-sized and easy to handle, with moderate fiber.
Late-season mangoes are usually eaten fresh, as opposed to ripe. They’re also much more expensive, but they’re also much more flavorful. They’re generally more nutritious and higher in antioxidants, and because they have less sugar content than the early season cultivars, they tend to be juicier and more aromatic.
If you can afford to splurge on a late-season mango every once in awhile (or if you live in Florida where they’re available year round), then by all means do so. You won’t regret it.
How to Tell if a Mango is Ripe or Ready to Pick from the Tree
Ripe mangos have a few key physical characteristics.
The first is that the ends of the fruit fill out. If you look at the ends of a mango, you’ll notice that they’re flat and almost concave. As it ripens, the fleshy part of the fruit will become more rounded and full.
Another sign that your mango is ripe is if it has changed from green to yellow or from green to orange. Multicolored varieties are especially good indicators of ripeness because they tend to change color as they ripen. So if you see a mango with a lot of yellow in it and only a little green, you can be pretty sure that it’s ready to eat.
You can also tell if your mango is ripe by looking at its inner flesh next to the seed. When this flesh is white, it means that there’s still some time left before it’s fully ripe. But when this inner flesh has turned yellow, then it’s ready to pick.
Once you’ve determined that your mango is ripe, cut into it and take a taste test. A good way to tell if your mango is ready for eating is by taking a small bite out of the side of the fruit. If it tastes sweet and juicy inside, then congratulations. Your mango is ready for picking.
Overripened mangoes are soft and brownish in color due to their high moisture content from being exposed to air for too long after harvesting them from trees at home or from grocery stores where they were displayed for sale as fresh fruit items during summer months when tropical fruits tend to be available in abundance worldwide (even though different countries do have slightly different seasons depending on their geographic location).
When To Pick Mango
Picking a ripe mango can be difficult as they are not always readily available. The first thing to remember is that the color of a mango does not indicate its ripeness; rather, it’s best to look for other signs. You will know it’s ready when the skin turns yellow around the stem and the fruit smells sweet and fragrant. Once you have chosen one that looks good, here are some ways to tell if it is ripe:
- Squeeze gently on one side of the fruit. If it gives slightly with no pressure at all, then it’s probably ready.
- Another way is to use your nose – if there’s an aroma of fresh fruit wafting from within then chances are your mango might be ready for picking.
To pick a mango, you need to know what they look like on the tree. If the fruit is not ripe enough, it will be green and hard. A ripe mango is soft and yellow with brown spots. A fully ripened fruit should have some give when pressed gently between your fingers. Some varieties of mangoes may have a small seed at the center of their flesh, but most varieties will not have any seeds at all. When harvesting a ripe mango from its tree, use gloves because this fruit can irritate sensitive skin; if you don’t wear gloves, wash your hands thoroughly after picking one so that any sticky residue doesn’t get onto other people or objects (such as food).
How To Harvest Mango Fruit
Harvesting mango fruit is an exciting time. Mangoes are picked at the physiologically mature stage and ripened for optimum quality. During harvesting, latex trickles down the fruit surface from the point of detachment, imparting a shabby appearance to it upon storage. The trees will usually start flowering in spring, after which they will start to bear fruit. Mango season in Australia starts in September, peaking in November to February, with some late harvests available in March. Fruits are hand picked or plucked with a harvester.
When harvesting your mangoes, make sure to pick only those that are completely ripe and firm, they should not be soft at all or have any green color left on them (mangoes ripen from green to yellow). You can tell if a mango is ripe by how easily it gives when squeezed gently, if it feels like an apple then it’s ready. If you’re going to eat them right away then feel free to leave them on the tree; otherwise put them in a cool dark place like an unheated garage or shed until you’re ready to eat them (or longer).
Mango Tree Care
Mango tree care can be a challenge, but there are many things you can do to ensure that your trees look and taste their best.
Watering is one of the most important things you can do for your mango tree. Mangoes need to be watered regularly, but not too much. If you water too much, it will cause the roots to rot and your mango tree will die. If you don’t water enough, your mango tree will lose its leaves and eventually die.
In hot climates, watering should be done every day. In moderate climates, watering should be done twice a week. Mango trees in cooler climates may only need to be watered once every two weeks or so. The best time to water is in the morning or evening when it’s cooler outside. Let the water run out of the hose so that it doesn’t spray all over your tree when you’re watering it.
Prune the tree in the spring or summer. This is the best time to prune mango trees because this will allow for new growth and better fruit production. Be sure to take off any dead wood, broken branches or leaves that are yellowed or browned. If you have more than one tree in your yard, it’s important not to trim them exactly alike so they have room for growth over time.
Fertilize your mango tree once every two weeks during its growing season (April through September). If you’re growing multiple types of fruit trees in your yard like orange trees or lychee trees then make sure each one gets its own fertilizer as well. There are many different kinds available at local garden centers depending on what kind of fruiting you want from each plant. Make sure there aren’t any signs of insects present before applying anything directly onto foliage since some chemicals may harm pollinators too easily without proper precautions taken beforehand.
When it comes time to mulch around your mango tree, use shredded bark or wood chips instead of grass clippings (which will actually attract bugs). This will help protect the roots from sunburned leaves and other damage caused by pests like aphids or scale insects.
Mango Tree Pest and How To Control
Mango tree pests are one of the most common problems that mango growers face. The mango tree is susceptible to a number of different pests, but it is important to note that not all of these pests will harm your tree. In fact, some types of mango tree pests can actually help you grow more delicious mangoes.
The most common types of pests that affect mango trees include:
These are caterpillars with light green stripes and brown heads. They can be found on the leaves and branches of the tree during their larval stage. They tend to feed on young leaves first, then move on to more mature ones as they get larger. They can cause significant damage if left unchecked; however, there are many natural ways you can control them without using pesticides or other harmful chemicals.
Red spider mites
These tiny red bugs are so small that they’re hard to see without magnification. They feed on young leaves and cause damage by sucking out nutrients from them. You may notice tiny white spots appearing on leaves after this has happened; this is called blistering.
These insects lay their eggs on the underside of leaves, where they hatch into larvae that eat through the leaf tissue to get at the nutrients inside. They also feed on flowers and fruit, which causes them to drop prematurely from the tree. Fruit fly maggots may also burrow into fruit and eat it from within if left unchecked for too long.
Hoppers are one of the most destructive mango pests. They suck sap from tender parts and cause curling and drying of the infested tissue. They also damage the crop by secreting a sweet sticky substance which encourages the development of the fungus Maliola mangiferae, commonly known as sooty mould which affects adversely the photosynthetic activities of the leaves. Shade and high humidity conditions are favorable for their multiplication. Such conditions usually prevail in old, neglected and closely planted orchards.
Mango mealybugs are green, leaf-sized insects that cause damage to mango crops around the world. They suck on the sap of mangoes and reduce the vigor of their host plants. They also secrete honeydew, which encourages the development of sooty mold fungus on plant tissue. The adult male is winged and small, while the female is bigger and wingless. After copulation, female mealybugs crawl down trees in April-May to lay eggs in large numbers encased in white egg sacs.
Chilli powder is used to ward off bats
If you’re growing a mango tree, you probably know that these fruit-loving creatures can be a nuisance. Not only do they eat the fruit but their excreta can also ruin your car. To prevent these pests, you can cover the mango tree with a chicken wire net, or spray it with chilli powder. Another effective method is to use rat snakes.
One farm in Australia, Pine Creek, uses chilli powder to prevent bats from destroying the fruit. The trees are home to 500 white cockatoos, which eat the fruit during the night. Bats also eat the fruit in the ponds, which Wayne Quach said meant 20 per cent of the crop was lost to birds and bats. Despite these losses, the harvest was still “excellent”.
Using a mixture of peppermint oil and water can also be used to ward off bats. Bats are averse to peppermint, so spraying peppermint oil or a similar mix will make the bats run for the hills. You can also use disco balls and wind chimes to deter bats from approaching your fruit.
Here are some steps you can take to keep your mango trees healthy:
1) Inspect your trees regularly for signs of infestation or damage. If you notice any problems on one tree in particular, treat that tree first before moving on to others.
2) Spray insecticides twice a week (in the morning and evening) during pest season. Insecticides like Methyl Parathion dust, carbendazim (0.1%) or Aldrin dust are every effective for mango pest control. Be sure you follow the usage guide provided by the manufacturer and spray both sides of leaves where pests tend to congregate.
3) Prune any damaged branches from your trees before they become infected with pests or disease-causing organisms such as fungi or bacteria that could spread through your entire garden if left untreated for too long.
Mangoes with rotting spots are removed immediately
Black spots on mangoes are a warning sign of rotting flesh. These spots are small and develop around the stem of the fruit. They are caused by a bacteria known as Xanthamonas campestris. These fungi affect mangoes on all parts of the tree. Bacterial canker infects mangos through wounds, spreading rapidly. Most affected mangoes are harvested immediately from the tree. Xanthamonas campestris affects all cultivars.
Fungus is another reason why mangoes get rotting spots. This fungus is spread by wind and attaches itself to mangos with sticky honeydew. While it is not a disease that kills mangos, it does cause cosmetic problems. To prevent sooty mold, you must clean your mangoes and the area around them regularly. If a fruit is spotted with rotting spots, remove it immediately from the tree.
I hope this guide has helped you understand how to pick a mango from your tree. It’s the perfect time of year for fresh, juicy mangoes and one of my favorite parts about growing my own fruit trees is being able to enjoy them at home. To pick a mango from a tree, it’s important to make sure that the fruit has ripened, since unripe mangoes are both astringent and difficult to pick. The skin should yield slightly when you poke it with your finger. Some varieties of mango do not change color when they ripen, so make sure to look out for other signs as well, such as wrinkled skin or a softer texture.