Ascites are one of the major causes of mortality in broiler chickens. It can be caused by a variety of factors, including bacterial infections and liver dysfunction. Ascites have been observed to occur in broiler chickens between 1 and 4 weeks old, with a peak incidence occurring at 2 weeks old. The first line of treatment for ascites is to reduce the stress on the bird’s body. This can be done by feeding them less food, reducing the temperature in their environment, or adding electrolytes to their water supply. If these measures fail, you may have to resort to anti-inflammatory drugs such as corticosteroids or immunosuppressants like azathioprine (Imuran).
Ascites are common in broiler chickens because of their fast growth rate and large body sizes. The ascites condition affects very young birds more than older ones, as older birds have harder muscles in their abdominal walls that are less likely to give way under pressure from enlarged organs like the liver and spleen.
The most common cause of ascites in chickens is liver disease such as hepatitis or cirrhosis (scarring of liver tissue). Liver disease can also be caused by infections such as avian influenza (AI), which causes lesions on the liver or blood tests to show elevated levels of ALT (alanine aminotransferase) enzyme activity in blood samples taken from animals suspected of having AI; or mycoplasma pulmonis (MPS), which causes pneumonia-like symptoms such as coughing, sneezing and nasal discharge; or coccidiosis.
Insufficient ventilation and high altitude can exacerbate the disease. One way to improve the condition is dietary supplementation with acidifiers. These additives help reduce pathogenic bacteria and improve animal health. Animal mortality rates were lower in Biotronic(r) SE-treated groups compared to negative and positive controls.
The pomegranate peel is an anti-inflammatory food supplement that can help reduce the symptoms of ascites in broiler chickens. It is rich in polyphony compounds, which are considered to be powerful antioxidants. These compounds may also help fight cancer cells.
Several studies have shown that the use of pomegranate peel improves feed conversion and feed intake. This is consistent with pomegranate peel’s reported antimicrobial activity. The researchers also observed that pomegranate peel powder improved the morphology of the jejuna.
Pomegranate peel has been shown to improve meat quality and carcass quality in broiler chicks under heat stress. The improvement was observed through an increase in the oxidative stability of the meat and improved water holding capacity. The researchers attribute the improved performance of the animals to the presence of polyphenols in the peel. The peels also increased the chickens’ immune system and improved their growth performance.
The researchers also discovered that pomegranate peel had antihyperlipidemic and antihypertensive properties. Moreover, pomegranate peels were found to be highly effective in inhibiting LDL oxidation, a common marker of cardiovascular disease.
The tannin content in pomegranate peels has been shown to inhibit the growth of pathogenic bacteria. In several studies, the peels inhibit the secretion of extracellular enzymes that enable the bacteria to grow. Moreover, they prevent the oxidative phosphorylation of microbial enzymes, which inhibits the growth of bacteria.
The pomegranate peel can also be used in poultry feed as a feed additive. It can be ground into a powder and added to the feed as an extract. It may also be combined with other active ingredients to make an additive. It can be added to feeds in amounts ranging from 0.1 kg to 50 kg per ton.
It is important to remember that the splanchnic venous system is vital to the liver’s function. Right ventricular failure can lead to congestion of this system, causing liver damage. PP supplementation can decrease the symptoms and severity of ascites.
A study has shown that supplementation with guanidino acetic acid (GAA) can reduce broiler ascites mortality. GAA has been found to improve broiler performance by reducing the production of ascites and improving biochemical indices. In addition, it may improve meat pH levels. Researchers compared GAA to a control diet in broiler chickens.
Guanidinoacetic acid is also used as a dietary supplement in broilers. A recent study found that it can reduce the development of pulmonary hypertension syndrome in broiler chickens. Guanidinoacetic acid is a dietary supplement that is found in canola meals. It is used to replace SBM.
Guanidinoacetic acid also spares arginine, a critical amino acid for broiler chickens. Arginine is needed for proper broiler growth and is also essential for preventing right ventricular hypertrophy in chickens exposed to hypobaric hypoxia. Since arginine is not available as a feed-grade supplement in the market, guanidino acetic acid was studied as a potential alternative to ARG. It was evaluated for its ability to improve growth performance and reduce RVH in broilers raised at a high altitude. In the study, guanidino acetic acid (GAA) was administered to chickens on day 42 post-hatch.
GAA supplementation increased growth performance in broiler chickens. Feeding broilers with 1.2 or 1.8 g/kg of GAA had an effect on ADG and FCR compared to controls fed with 0.6 or no GAA at all. Additionally, it reduced right ventricular hypertrophy.
Although it did not reduce ascites in broiler chickens, the researchers did note that the reduction in ascites was sex and elevation-dependent. In addition, there were no negative effects on production traits or deboned part yields based on the comparison of FCR and MAS lines. Further, comparisons of the two treatment groups revealed improvements in body weight gain.
Thyroxine, a synthetic thyroid hormone, is a common treatment for ascites in broiler chickens. It has been shown to reduce mortality associated with ascites in broiler chicks. Its effects on the phenotype are not fully understood. It may be a product of gene regulation or exerted by in ovo injection. Further studies are needed to confirm these results.
A recent study evaluated the efficacy of Thyroxine for ascites in a broiler population. The researchers injected T4 into the bloodstream of 70 breeder hens. The treatment groups included a control group and a hyperthyroid group.
The research included 150-day-old female chickens, 15 chicks in each group. The researchers then measured changes in antioxidant status, blood enzyme activity, and bone metabolism. After 42 days, the experiments were stopped. In contrast to CT chickens, which showed reduced feed intake, NT birds experienced higher weight gain during the grower period than CT birds.
A reduced Lys/AME diet also resulted in a decrease in plasma T4 values and increased T3/T4 ratios. The animals also produced more heat and were less affected by ascites. The findings suggest that the ascites problem may be related to the failure of the thyroid axis.
The development of ascites in broiler chickens is related to blood gas pressures, body weight gain, and blood oxygen saturation. There is also a connection between the incidence of ascites and growth rate. In some breeds, a low growth rate results in a decreased metabolic rate and low oxygen requirement.
Plasma T3 content is positively correlated with oxygen consumption in broilers. T3 is higher in ascetic chickens exposed to cold temperatures, which means they are consuming more oxygen and have higher metabolic rates. The negative feedback effect of T3 on the hypothalamus may lead to decreased T4 secretion. Additionally, it may result in a shift from T4 to T3. Finally, increased T3 levels increase MDA levels, a marker of oxidative damage caused by ROS.
Ascites in broiler chickens can be prevented by careful management and nutrition. Several pharmaceutical drugs and in ovo nutraceuticals are available to treat and prevent ascites. Proper lighting programs and special breeding programs are also effective.
The combination of Eyebright herb and Brewer’s yeast is known to cure ascites in poultry. The dosage depends on the breed of poultry and the environmental conditions. Eyebright herb is mixed with water or food and is given to the poultry at a rate of 500 milligrams per pound of body weight daily.
Ascites are a complication of genetics, flock management, and the environment. Luckily, it isn’t contagious. It is, however, preventable. It’s important to offer a balanced diet to chickens and keep their environment clean. Ascites can affect more than one bird in the flock, so prevention is important.
Ascites is a multifactorial disease caused by a number of factors, including poor ventilation, cold temperatures, and toxins. Nutritional practices such as low-nutrient diets, pellets, and temperature-controlled house environments can reduce the risk of ascites. Reduced sodium content in feed can also help control the incidence of ascites.
Other treatments for ascites include the use of brewer’s yeast. It can reduce the risk of ascites in poultry and can increase their survival rates. As always, prevention is the best medicine, but treatment is also essential if an ascites outbreak does occur.
Ascites are a serious condition and a leading cause of broiler mortality. The disease affects both pasture poultry and commercial broilers. Approximately 20% to 30% of broilers die from ascites, a condition that can cause significant economic and welfare problems in poultry production. The primary cause of ascites is right ventricular failure and lack of oxygen in the heart. Because of this, the heart must pump blood much faster to provide the same amount of oxygen, resulting in elevated right ventricular pressure.