Brooding is defined as the management of chicks from one day old to about 8 weeks of age, and it involves the provision of heat and other necessary care during chicks’ early growing period. Brooding units are designed to house chicks from one day old until they no longer need supplementary heat (0-8 weeks). Growing pens are used from the end of the brooding period until the broilers are sold or the pullets moved into permanent laying houses (up to 20 weeks). Laying pens or cages are used for pullets and hens from the time they start laying until they are culled and sold at the end of the laying period (up to 78 weeks).

Correct brooding conditions are important for getting chicks off to a good start. You can accurately assess the conditions into which the chicks are being placed by having the correct equipment at your disposal. Below is a list of equipment that can be used to monitor brooding conditions. Equipment used to provide warmth and light and to rear the baby chicks during the first few weeks of life are called brooders. The brooders consist of some heating source, reflectors to reflect the heat and light towards the chicks, light and heat adjustment devices such as stands, thermostats and other accessories, depending on the model.


Charcoal stove / kerosene stove

Brooder guard / chick guard

Gas brooder

Electrical brooder

Infra-red bulbs

Reflectors/ Hovers

i).Flat type hover

ii).Canopy type hover 


  • These are thin sheets of metal, hard board, or bamboo mat of 1 to 1.5 feet height and varying in lengths.
  • They are used to restrict the movement of chicks, so that the chicks will be kept closer to the brooders and prevent them from chilling.
  • They are used to prevent chicks from straying too far away from heat supply until they learn the source of heat.
  • We have to provide brooder guard with a diameter of 5 feet, height of the brooder should not exceed 1.5 feet.
  • For this purpose, we can use materials like cardboard sheet, GI sheet, wire mesh, and mat etc. depending upon the season of brooding.
  • During summer season, brooding is done for 5-6 days. In winter season it is 2-3 weeks.


TypeGas Brooder
Equipment Capacity500,1000,4000 chicks
MaterialStainless Steel



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