Planting a mango seed is an easy way to add a little tropical flair to your indoor space. Whether you want to grow a mango tree just for fun, or because you’re looking for some new shade for your deck, learning how to plant a mango seed indoors is an inexpensive and rewarding way to give your home some real personality. This article will show you how to plant a mango seed indoors.
Polyembryonic vs Monoembryonic Mango
Before starting your first plant, you must know the difference between a mono-embryonic and polyembryonic mango seed. Polyembryonic seeds have multiple embryonic cells within, while mono-embryonic seeds have only one cell. Mango seed is vulnerable in its early stage of development. Hence, it is recommended to start planting your seeds indoors, where the temperature will be around 70 degrees Fahrenheit. Besides, you should avoid exposing the seeds to soggy conditions.
There are varieties of mangoes grown in tropical areas that are almost mono-embryonic. Polyembryonic seeds will sprout several identical trees. This type of planting requires high temperatures, as seed viability will decrease very fast. However, there are certain tips to keep the temperature in the greenhouse at a constant level. A temperature range of 15 degrees Celsius is suitable for seedlings of this type.
In order to grow mono-embryonic seedlings, you need to take care of the soil. Mango seeds should be kept in a shaded area for at least a day. After a day, remove the outer husk from the seed. You can create a specialized tool to open mango seeds by fusing two flat screwdrivers with circlip pliers.
It takes two to four years for polyembryonic mango varieties to mature and bear fruit. Polyembryonic mango seeds produce numerous shoots, depending on the number of embryos inside them. Usually, one shoot originates from fertilization. The other stems are weak and will eventually die. In such cases, it is best to choose a mono-embryonic variety to grow indoors.
Procedure and Requirements for Planting Mango Seed Indoor
If you buy a mango from the grocery store or market, there’s a good chance it came from thousands of miles away. Why not try growing your own? You can even come up with your own unique variety. Learning how to plant a mango seed indoors is almost as easy as eating one.
Planting mango seeds indoors can be an exciting project for the whole family. Here are some requirements to help you get started:
- Mango seeds
- Seedling starter trays with holes in the bottom for drainage
- Potting soil mix (we recommend Miracle Gro Potting Mix)
- Watering can or spray bottle
- The temperature should be kept between 75 and 85 degrees F during the day, with nighttime temperatures between 50 and 70 degrees F.
To plant the mango seed indoors, you should soak the seed in water for 24 hours. Then, wrap the seed in damp paper towels and place it in a plastic or zip-lock bag. Keep the seed moist for a week or two. It should sprout within a week or two. Once the seed sprouts, you should plant it in a potting mix that is slightly bigger than the seed. Allow several inches of space for the roots to grow.
You can plant mango seeds indoors in any season, but the best time to do it is at the beginning of the wet season. Keep the soil moist and the water level high. Once it sprouts, you can plant the mango seed in a small pot in a sunny spot. Depending on the climate, mango seeds will germinate in about a week to a month. Then, it will be ready to harvest.
Growing a mango tree from seed in a container
If you are interested in growing mangoes in a pot, you should follow these tips to grow your fruit tree in a container.
To grow a mango plant from seed, you must buy ripe mangoes. Before planting your seed, you must first peel the mango. Peeling the mango will give you access to the husk. After about two days, you should cut the husk and remove the seed. It will look like a big bean seed. Carefully place the seed in potting soil.
First, plant mango trees on a plant caster stand to allow for easy transport. Place mango trees in a warm location with adequate lighting. Water the trees weekly during the warm season. Apply a balanced fertilizer in the spring and summer. If you are growing a new tree, apply citrus fertilizer in the spring and summer to help with the growth of your mango tree. In addition, mulch your container with organic mulch to improve water retention. Mulch also helps feed the tree as the mulch breaks down.
Mango trees need plenty of water. Keep the soil moist and use organic mulch to retain moisture and help the tree absorb the water from the soil. Fertilize the tree according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Make sure to place your mango tree in a warm location with at least six hours of direct sunlight every day. During the warm months, water the tree a few times a week and once every two weeks during the winter.
Once you’ve planted your mango seed, you should wait about three weeks for it to sprout. After about five weeks, you’ll see a red sprout appear. This seed will eventually sprout roots, and soon the plant will be ready to transplant into a pot. Then, just keep it moist but not excessively. If you’re growing mangoes from seed, you’ll have to wait until they have sprouted and moved to the pot.
How To Care For Mango Plants Indoors
Mango trees are a beautiful addition to any home or garden, but if you are new to growing them, you might be wondering how to care for mango plants. Here’s how to care for your mango plant indoors:
1) Light and Temperature
Mangos love bright light and warm temperatures, so make sure your plant gets at least six hours of sunlight each day. The ideal temperature range is between 65 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit (18-29 Celsius).
2) Use the appropriate pot.
The roots of mangoes grow very fast, so it’s important that you use a large container for them at first. Once the plant has reached its mature size, however, you should switch it over to a smaller pot so that the roots don’t have trouble finding water and nutrients.
Water your plant regularly during the growing season (April through September or October). Mango trees are tropical plants, and they need plenty of water during their active growing period. Water them well each week with room temperature water—never cold or hot—and allow the soil to dry out between watering sessions by leaving your potting tray uncovered so that air circulates freely around it.
4) Fertilizer application
Fertilize every two weeks during the growing season with a balanced fertilizer like Miracle-Gro® Indoor Blooms & Greens® Plant Food mixed at half-strength according to package directions (following label directions carefully is important when using chemicals).
Mangos need regular pruning to maintain their shape and size as they grow—usually every three years or so depending on the variety of fruit tree that you have planted in your yard or garden area where they will grow happily throughout most of the year until winter comes around again when everything goes dormant until springtime arrives once again.
Common Diseases of Mango Trees
If you notice any disease symptoms on your mango tree, it is important to take action quickly so that you can prevent the disease from spreading. Here are some common diseases of mango trees that you should be aware of:
A common disease of mango trees is anthracnose. This disease can affect the flowers, fruit, and leaves of your mango tree. The symptoms include small black spots on the leaves and fruit which later turn brownish-gray or black in color. You will also notice that these areas fail to develop properly or ripen properly at maturity. Fungicide spraying is necessary at 15-day intervals during flowering and at least two weeks before fruit set to prevent this pest from taking hold.
Canker disease can affect any part of your mango tree but most commonly affects its trunk or main branches. It causes lesions on these areas which will turn brownish-gray or black in color as well as becoming sunken into the surface tissue underneath them over time if left untreated for too long (or even if treated early enough). Spraying copper fungicide is the best way to control the canker disease.
The damping-off disease causes seedlings to die off before they reach maturity due to an infection in their roots caused by fungi such as Pythium spp., Rhizoctonia solani
4) Fusarium wilt
Fusarium wilt disease causes wilting of leaves and branches as well as premature dropping of fruit. It can be prevented by planting resistant varieties such as ‘Tommy Atkins’ or ‘Haden’.
5) Leaf spot
Leaf spot causes brown spots on leaves that eventually turn dark brown or black in color with time; they are usually more prevalent during rainy weather conditions with high humidity levels present within these environments.
6) Sooty mold
Sooty mold is a disease common in orchards with uncontrolled insects. It results in a blackened appearance in mango trees. The fungal infection depends on the secretion of honeydew by insects. Because this fungus is saprophytic, it doesn’t use the host’s tissues to get nutrients. It also reduces the photosynthesis of the mango leaf by affecting the stomata. A solution to this problem requires clearing debris from under the mango tree and applying copper fungicide to the affected area at several intervals.
Mango is a tropical fruit that grows in most parts of the world. It is rich in vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. It has a sweet and fragrant taste which makes it an ideal choice for desserts or smoothies. You can grow mangoes in warm climates and indoors as well. Mango trees need plenty of sunlight to grow properly so if you want to grow them indoors, make sure to place them near windows that receive plenty of sunlight during the day.