HOW TO ESTABLISH UGU FARM
There are basically 7 steps in the establishing a successful ugu farm, namely;
- Site selection.
- Land preparation.
- Pre-planting operation.
- Planting operation.
- Seed germination.
- Post planting operations.
2. Planting on beds: in this method, nursery beds are constructed, the land is tilled and pulverized . Raised beds of about 4m by 4m are constructed across the slope of the land to reduce the risk of erosion.
- Watering: The seedlings have to be watered daily for the first two weeks of emergence to enable them grow well.
- Weeding: Weeds have to be managed to guide against competition on water, nutrients etc. with the seedlings. Weeding should be done every two weeks.
- Fertilizer application: A nitrogenous fertilizer such as urea is the best to apply on ugu farm, because ugu is a leafy plant and such fertilizer enhances the growth of the vegetative parts or leaves of plant. However, NPK 15:15:15 could be applied.
- Staking: Staking is not encouraged in commercial ugu farm as it distort the growth habit and could reduce the potential yield on the farm.
- Control of pest: Pest such as leaf defoliators and some pathogenic infections are often noticed. This can be controlled biologically by boiling neem leaves (Dongoyaro) and spraying the extracts in the leaves for a period of two weeks or using pesticide such as Laraforce.
Harvesting of ugu
Ugu can be harvested after about 30 days of planting. However on commercial basis it is advised to harvest at about 60 days of planting, ugu can be harvested repeatedly for about eight months at an interval of 15 days.