The use of liquid fertilizer is now important due to the new systems of faring such as the hydroponic system. Fertilizer application is a very crucial way of increasing crop yield; not only the crops benefit, but the soil also benefits in case of organic fertilizer.
There are different methods of fertilizer application, depending on the prevailing condition. Broadcasting, band placement, foliar application, and top dressing are the common methods used in fertilizer application. They have been used and seen to be very effective over time.
However, various systems of farming have been discovered; we talk of hydroponic, greenhouse farming, etc. These are new developments in the realm of farming. A farmer needs to ensure he creates a system that complements new cultivation practices.
Most of the aforementioned methods of applying fertilizer are not applicable in the new systems of farming, like hydroponics. There is a need to create another system for feeding the crops adequate nutrients.
This quest led to the development of liquid fertilizers; it can also Tea fertilizer. It is an organic fertilizer that is rich in macro and micronutrients for crop growth. It is environmental compliance and safe to use. It is also cheap and the materials needed to prepare it are readily available.
Liquid fertilizer can be made from two main sources; plant and animal; they are easy to make and the steps involved in making any of these liquid fertilizers are very simple to carry out.
How to make liquid fertilizer from animal materials.
Animal liquid fertilizer can be made from farm animal waste or dung. You can use any of poultry, goat and sheep or cattle dung to make tea fertilizer. You will need a big drum or tank to prepare your fertilizer; also, you need a permeable sack, a wooden rod, a long rope, and a large stone. Once these materials are ready you are almost there.
Sun-dry the animal manure and gather all in the permeable sack. Place the large stone in the sack with the manures. Fill the drum or tank with water, preferably to more than half of the tank.
Place the sack inside the tank with the rope tied to the top of the sack at one end and to the rod at the other end such that the rod serves as an anchor to suspend the sack in the tank with the aid of the rope. You can also cover the tank with a cloth or fly net to avoid unruly interference by flies. Stir the water every day for about 10 days.
By then, your liquid fertilizer is ready for use.
A = Cloth or fly net; B= Rod; C = Permeable sack; D = Stone; E = water; F = Rope
How to make liquid fertilizer with plant materials.
Plant liquid fertilizer is made from plant materials; you can use any plant for this purpose. You need the plant leaves, you can use more than one plant leaves say: grass-legume combination to have a mixture of nutrients. You need wood ash to supply minerals and also acts as a pest repellent. Other materials needed are permeable sack, long rope, wooden rod, tank, stone; as used in the animal liquid fertilizer procedure.
The process is the same as the animal source but you have to work on the leaves before adding to the sack. You are required to chop the leaves into fine pieces before adding to your sack. After adding the chopped leaves into the sack, add the wood ash and mix with the leaves vigorously for even distribution.
Add the stone inside the sack to prevent the sack from floating. Tight the top of the sack with the rope as done in the animal source; fill your tank with water and insert the sack in the water as directed in the animal liquid fertilizer. Cover with a cloth or fly net as directed above; stir every morning till about 10 days.
Then you have your plant liquid fertilizer made from plant materials.
To apply any of the above liquid fertilizers on your crop, dilute the fertilizer with an equal volume of water and spray on your crops. If you have an irrigation system, it is perfect for you. These fertilizers can be used on any type of crop. It is non-toxic to the plants or animals and cheap to use. It is perfect for organic farming as it contains no chemical.
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