Layer Feeds: Nutrient Requirement & Ingredients Explained

If you are raising chickens, you need to know what is the best layer feed for chickens. You need to learn how much protein your chickens will need and how much calcium they will need in order to lay eggs. You also need to know when to start feeding the layers and how long they can be fed until they start laying.

What is Layer Feed?

Layer feed is specially formulated to meet the nutritional needs of egg-laying hens. The main ingredient is a type of grain (usually maize or wheat) that provides protein and essential amino acids. Layer feed also contains essential vitamins and minerals, as well as a vitamin-mineral premix which can be added to increase the levels of specific nutrients needed for optimum production. It is low in protein and high in calcium to meet the nutritional needs of egg-laying hens. Layer feed should also contain other nutrients that are important for egg production.

Layer feed is designed to meet the growing demands of hen’s bodies as they produce eggs. It provides all the nutrients needed for hen’s bodies to grow feathers, lay eggs and stay healthy during their lives as layers. Laying hens should be fed layer feed from 18 weeks of age until they stop laying (around 72 weeks).

layers feed

As you may know, any chicken can lay an egg but only hens (female chickens) will continue laying eggs year-round if they’ve been given adequate nutrition during their first 12 months of life. When a hen reaches about 18 months old she will begin to slow down her laying rate due to declining fertility and becomes less efficient at converting feed into eggs because the body’s ability to absorb calcium diminishes as the hen ages past 2 years old.

Why is layer feed important?

It’s important to note that a hen’s diet has a large effect on the nutritional content of her eggs. If your hen isn’t eating enough calcium, vitamins, and minerals, she won’t produce an egg each day.

The nutrients in layer feed play an essential role in egg production by supplying the hen with essential proteins and fats that are needed to lay one egg every 24 hours (or more).

It’s vital to keep hens’ nutritional needs in mind when feeding them. The quality of their feed directly affects the quality of their eggs, and the eggs they produce are what they’re known for, and what they’re valued for.

It’s important to understand that different types of laying hens require different types of diets. In addition to their nutritional needs, each type of laying hen has a specific age range or life-cycle phase that they are suited for. The type of feed you use will depend on the age and type of chicken that you have.

To produce an egg each day, hens need high levels of calcium, vitamins, and minerals. Hens transfer many of these nutrients directly into their eggs, so the nutrients in layer feed play an essential role in egg production.

Hens require high levels of calcium, vitamins, and minerals in order to produce an egg each day. With layer feed, these nutrients are transferred directly into the hen’s eggs, so it’s important that those nutrients are present in sufficient quantities in layer feed.

What nutrients do layers need?

Layers need a basic layer ration that contains appropriate amounts of protein, calcium, and phosphorus should provide adequate nutrition for egg-producing hens, and be the most economical option.

When choosing a feed, it’s important to understand what nutrients your hens need. Layer hens require adequate protein to produce eggs. Protein provides the building blocks for growth and reproduction. It also helps with eggshell production and quality, which affects the color and thickness of the shell. A balanced layer feed should have 16% to 18% protein and 2600 kcal/kg. Calcium is needed for strong egg shells, but too much has been shown to reduce shell quality and increase mortality rates. A balanced feed should have 2% to 3% calcium. Phosphorus is also required by layers, but too much can lead to reduced egg production and higher mortality rates.

The most basic layer ration will contain adequate amounts of these three nutrients, as well as other nutrients like vitamin A, B-complex vitamins (B1 through B12), choline, lysine, methionine, and threonine, all necessary for proper egg production.

Layer feed also contains fat-soluble vitamins A and D which are important for healthy bones and for the absorption of minerals like calcium. The protein in layer feed helps build strong muscles and supports young birds’ growth as they start laying eggs.

Nutritional requirement for laying hens

Laying hens need a diet that contains 16-18% protein, high calcium levels for egg-shell production, and omega-3 fatty acids.

First, you’ll want to make sure your hens are getting enough protein. Chickens need 16-18% protein in their diets, which will ensure that they have the energy they need to lay eggs every day.

But what about calcium? That’s where our second tip comes in: high levels of calcium are important for egg-shell production. If your hens aren’t getting enough calcium, their eggs won’t be as strong and sturdy as they should be, which means fewer eggs and more work for you.

And if all that wasn’t enough, you’ll also want to make sure your laying hens get enough omega-3 fatty acids. These fatty acids help your chickens maintain healthy skin and feathers and produce healthier eggs with less chance of cracking or breaking during shell formation.

As a laying hen, you need to eat a diet that is rich in protein, calcium, and omega-3 fatty acids. If you’re not getting enough of these nutrients, your shell will be weak and you’ll struggle to produce eggs. If you want to stay healthy and keep producing eggs for your family, you need to eat a healthy diet.

The Best Layer Feed For Chickens

When you raise chickens, you will want to make sure that you are choosing the best feed possible. This is because it affects more than just your chickens’ health. It can affect your wallet too. So what is the best layer feed for chickens?

Homestead Harvest Non-GMO Whole Grain Layer Blend

If you want to provide your flock with healthy, organic food, Homestead Harvest Non-GMO Whole-Grained Layer Blend is a great choice. It’s made with non-GMO ingredients, including organic corn, diatomaceous earth, oyster shell, and other minerals. This feed is also free from soy, corn, and other common additives. In addition to these benefits, it also contains natural vitamins and minerals.

There are many different kinds of layer feed out there, but we’ll focus on one in particular. The Homestead Harvest Non-GMO Whole Grain Layer Blend is a great choice for organic laying hens, and its other benefits include omega-3 fatty acids and diatomaceous earth. It’s also raw and has no preservatives or additives, which is important when you’re looking for the most natural, high-quality layer feed for your chickens.

The company provides this feed to customers for their free-range chickens. The company uses 7th-generation family-owned farms to provide non-GMO whole-grain layer blends for chickens. The food is non-GMO, which is important to chickens. It also contains kelp, herbs, and essential oils, which make it a better choice for chickens than other chicken feeds.

Kaytee Laying Hen Diet

The Kaytee Laying Hen Dief contains 16% protein, probiotics, amino acids, and essential vitamins and minerals. It is available in a 10-pound bag and a 40-pound bag. It contains added calcium for strong egg shells and marigold extract, which is beneficial for brighter yolks. All ingredients are chemical-free.

If you’re trying to find the best layer feed for chickens, you’ll want to make sure that it’s organic. Organic layer feeds are better for your chickens’ health and the environment, and you want to avoid any ingredients that may aggravate their sensitive digestive tract. Kaytee Laying Hen Diet is an organic feed that is made from wholesome ingredients, including corn and diatomaceous earth. If you’re interested in getting your birds to lay more eggs, Kaytee Laying Hen Diet is a great choice. It contains 16% protein, Omega 3 fatty acids, and a variety of grains.

This non-GMO, corn and soy-free organic layer feed is certified by the Non-GMO Project. The ingredients are organic and non-GMO. Kaytee Laying Hen Diet is packed with a highly nutritious mix of pellets and grains, omega-3 fatty acids from vegetables, and calcium. The ingredients are non-GMO and free of soy and antibiotics. You can find this organic layer feed in 25-pound bags on Amazon or in many poultry stores.

Purina Layena + Omega 3

It is possible to feed your chickens a good diet rich in omega-3 fatty acids. These fats are essential for healthy heart and brain function and need to be obtained from their diet. If you want to ensure your hens’ optimal health and egg production, you should give them a good layer feed like Purina Layena Plus Omega-3. This natural, vegetarian formula is formulated to help your chickens grow strong, healthy shells and provide optimum nutrition.

Layena Plus Omega-3 is rich in omega-3 fatty acids and flax seed, providing hens with the ALA and EPA they need to produce healthy eggs. This mix contains over 31% omega-3 fatty acids, which can be converted by the hens into EPA and DHA. In addition, it is non-GMO. The only drawback of this layer feed is that it can be dusty at times. However, this feed is great for a flock of up to 12 hens.

Scratch and Peck Organic Layer Pellets

When choosing a layer feed, you must make sure that it doesn’t contain additives, hormones, or antibiotics. A good layer feed should also contain 16% protein, added calcium, and essential vitamins. Many layers also prefer fish meal, which is a natural source of protein. Other protein sources include grains and seeds. They are ideally grown in your backyard, are chemical-free, and contain natural fiber. If you are considering switching from commercial feed to homemade, organic pellets are a great choice.

These organic layer pellets are great for both chickens and ducks. They are corn and soy-free and contain no artificial colors, flavors, or preservatives. The blend also contains a variety of vitamins and minerals. The organic grains in Scratch and Peck Organic Layer Pellets are great for all types of waterfowl. It is recommended for backyard laying flocks.

While there are many brands of organic layer feed for chickens, Scratch and Peck is the superior choice. It’s cheaper than its competition. However, it’s important to note that this feed is only recommended for laying hens who are eighteen weeks old. Peas might drive some chickens away. In addition, Scratch and Peck is a non-GMO product, which means it doesn’t contain any preservatives. It also contains herbs and essential oils.

Purina Organic Layer Crumbles

Organic layer crumbles for chickens are a natural, grain-based food that provides optimum nutrition for your poultry. They contain 16% protein and are USDA Certified Organic. Plus, it’s free of GMOs and uses no fertilizers or pesticides. That’s a great deal of protein for your chickens. It’s the perfect choice for mixed poultry flocks or for meat birds. Organic layer crumbles provide a balanced diet for your laying hens. In addition to being organic, these feeds are free of pesticides and fertilizers. You can feel good about feeding your hens with this feed. Your hens will love the taste, too. And they’ll eat it, too.

The pellets and crumbles form of Purina Organic Layer Feed is a convenient way to manage feed waste. They also come in 35-lb. bags, which are great for laying hens. You can feed these crumbles to your hens as the sole ration until she begins laying. You can use the Oyster Strong (r) System to feed this feed, too. For optimal growth and egg production, start feeding Purina Organic Layer Pellets to your hens when they are 18 weeks old. And you can continue to feed them throughout the laying cycle, too.

Source: Becky’s Homestead

What are the ingredients of layer feed?

The amount of each nutrient will vary depending on the specific needs of your flock. For example, if they are laying eggs at a rapid rate, they may need more protein in their diet than if they are in a less productive stage.

The ingredients in layer feed vary depending on the specific needs of the chickens. However, some common ingredients include Maize or corn, Wheat, Wheat offal or bran, Rice offal or bran, Soybean meal, Groundnut meal, Bone meal, and Vitamins & Minerals Premix.

While chicken feed comes in different varieties and formulations based on the age of the bird and its stage of development (from chicks to mature adults), it is important to note that all varieties are made up of the same basic ingredients:

  • Maize or corn (a cereal grain)
  • Wheat (a cereal grain)
  • Wheat offal or bran (the outer layers of cereal grain)
  • Rice offal or bran (the outer layers of cereal grain)
  • Soybean meal (a byproduct from crushing soybeans for oil)
  • Groundnut meal (a byproduct from crushing groundnuts for oil)
  • Bone meal (made from ground bones)

The vitamins and minerals added to these feeds vary depending on the type of feed being used.

Which vitamin is best for layers?

Vitamin A and E are essential for the growth of chickens and other animals. The combination of vitamins A and E is preferable for obtaining better production of laying hens reared under hot summer conditions.

Vitamin A is a fat-soluble vitamin that plays an important role in the development and growth of birds. It is also essential for reproduction, bone health and immune function. It is known to support good vision and healthy skin. Vitamin A deficiency can cause growth retardation, reduced egg production, reduced hatchability and increased susceptibility to disease.

Vitamin E is a fat-soluble vitamin that helps maintain the integrity of cell membranes. It also has antioxidant properties that help protect cells from damage caused by free radicals. Vitamin E deficiency can result in poor fertility, low hatchability and poor production of laying hens reared under hot summer conditions

Supplements Required in Layers Feed

There are three main groups of nutritional supplements that can be added to poultry feed: proteins and amino acids, vitamins, and minerals.

Protein and Amino acid

Protein and amino acid supplementation are essential for the proper growth and development of poultry. The amino acids in protein are needed for proper growth in body tissues. Amino acids also help to promote a healthy immune system in birds. The levels of protein needed vary depending on whether the birds are growing rapidly or not.

Proteins and amino acids can be added to the diet in the form of soybean meal or corn gluten meal, which will supplement the amount of protein in the diet. Amino acids are what makeup proteins; they include essential amino acids (EAAs), which cannot be synthesized by birds but must be provided by their diet. The most common EAA is methionine, which is often supplemented with DL-methionine. Other common EAAs are lysine and threonine.


Vitamin supplementation can be very beneficial for poultry. Vitamins help prevent disease and promote better health in birds by strengthening their immune systems. Vitamin A is an important vitamin for poultry because it helps with vision, reproduction, bone formation, growth, and development of nervous tissue, as well as protecting against infections by bacteria or viruses that cause illness or death among birds

Vitamins are important for growth, reproduction, and feather quality, and they’re necessary for many metabolic processes that allow birds to live healthily and develop properly. The most common vitamins added to chicken feed are vitamins A, D, and E, pantothenic acid (B5); niacin (B3); biotin; folic acid; choline bitartrate; calcium pantothenate; magnesium oxide; potassium iodide.


Mineral supplementation is also important because minerals are critical components of many body tissues including bones and muscles which are vital for survival in wild birds. Minerals are also essential for growth and egg production in laying chickens.

Calcium helps form egg shells; phosphorus helps form bones; iron is necessary for hemoglobin production; copper helps with red blood cell formation; iodine is necessary for thyroid hormone production; sulfur is necessary for keratinization (making tough skin); selenium helps produce antioxidants; manganese is necessary for enzyme function; chromium aids in fat metabolism; cobalt aids in red blood cell production; molybdenum helps make enzymes work better; zinc helps make enzymes work better. A deficiency in any of these vitamins and minerals will cause problems with growth, fertility, immunity, behavior, and health.

What are layers with no supplemental treats?

Layers with no supplemental treats: If you’re using a layer feed that doesn’t have added vitamins and minerals, then it’s important to make sure that your chickens are getting enough of those nutrients from other sources.

Hens who eat layer feed are able to produce an egg every day because they get higher levels of calcium, vitamins, and minerals than hens who don’t eat layer feed. Those nutrients are critical for egg production; the hens transfer them directly into their eggs.

Some varieties of chicken feed will contain extra nutrients that can help keep your hens healthy, but others don’t, and even if they do, it’s not always enough to take the place of adding additional supplements. Many people choose to avoid these types of feeds because they don’t want to spend money on something that isn’t doing all the work for them.

In fact, when it comes to the nutrients that make up an egg, there’s a big difference between eggs produced by hens that eat layer feed and those produced by hens that don’t.

So if you want to be sure you’re getting the most nutritious eggs possible, while also supporting farmers who use sustainable practices, look for eggs from chickens who have been fed layer feed.

In conclusion,

If you’re looking to keep your hens healthy and happy, layer feed is the best option. It’s designed specifically for egg-laying chickens, so it will give them everything they need for optimum production. Layer feed also contains additional vitamins and minerals that are important for good health in all ages of birds, not just layers.

11 thoughts on “Layer Feeds: Nutrient Requirement & Ingredients Explained”

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