What is brooding in poultry?
Preparation for brooding starts at about 2 weeks before the arrival of the day-old-chicks; during this period, all the necessary accessories are all in place and installations of relevant brooder components are done. The brooding pen, If need be, must be renovated; it must be disinfected and cleaned. All crevices and holes, therein, must be blocked. The brooding pen must be covered to ensure the birds are in good conditions. It must be covered to commensurate the environmental conditions of the chicks. At about 2-3 days before the arrival of the chicks, the heat source has to be installed and operated; however, in case of the improvised source of heat, the charcoal pot, it must be on set at about 24 hours before the arrival of the chicks. This is very crucial because the chicks need warmth to keep them fit. Fill the floor with dry and friable litter materials like: wood shavings, groundnut husk. This absorbs moisture and their waste, the brooding pen must be dry always to prevent the outbreak of diseases.
Day old chicks management
How much space do chickens need?
Well, this is a very important question as the answer will aid the success of the brooding operation. Overcrowding results to stunted growth and rapid spread of diseases, in short, the chicks need enough space to increase their growth rate, a spacing of 55-70cm² per chick is needed. However, this has to be increased every 3-4 weeks till when they are caged. For example a brooding pen of about 450cm² has to be increased by 50cm² every 3-4 weeks.
Ventilation and heat management of day old chicks
Day-old chicks vaccination program.
Feeding of day-old chicks
Day-old chicks disease management.
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