Cassava, Manihot spp, is one of the widely consumed crops in the world. Cassava has several byproducts that have been a major food for common man; aside from its consumer products, it is also a good source of industrial products like ethanol and starch.
However, as a result of the quest to increase productivity and yield of a cassava crop, several modifications have been made to ensure the cassava crop yields optimally. Several varieties of cassava have been developed with productive and stunning characteristics that will make farmers have good farming experience.
These characteristics range from resistance to some particular diseases, hastened maturity, quality tuber, and others you would read in this article.
The indigenous cassava has been observed to contain some flaws; these flaws have been improved by various research institutes across the world, like IITA. They have been working effortlessly to ensure farmers have good farming experience through the provision of improved planting materials and innovative agronomic practices.
There are several improved varieties of different crops in the system today and they have been very great in terms of performance and yield. In this article, you would read about different cassava varieties and their individual characteristics. These varieties are:
- TMS 92/0326
- TMS 96/1414
- TMS 96/0023
- TMS 92/0057
- MS 92/0067
1. TMS 92/0326
This is an improved variety of cassava developed by IITA, Nigeria. It has a reddish green petiole and flowers at a height below one meter. It has a long and large tuber with an average length of 75cm and a girth of about 30cm; it is whitish in color when freshly peeled but turns cream when stored.
This cassava variety has been bred in such a way that it is highly resistant to major cassava diseases like Cassava mosaic disease and Cassava bacterial blight; but moderately resistant to cassava anthracnose disease. It has a gestation period of 12 months.
Also, it is tolerant to pests like cassava green mites and African root and tuber scale. This variety is comparatively high yielding as about 20-30 tons can be harvested from one hectare of cassava farmland, provided all agronomic practices are carried out as required and the planting conditions are favorable.
2. TMS 96/1414
This is another variety of cassava developed by IITA, Ibadan. It has a red petiole and the color of the tuber is white when freshly peeled but turns cream when stored. It flowers at a height below one meter; the tuber is relatively large with an average length of 60cm and a girth of 20cm.
It is highly resistant to cassava mosaic disease but moderately resistant to cassava bacterial blight and cassava anthracnose disease. It is susceptible to African root and tuber scale and cassava green mites.
It has the potential to yield about 22-32 ton per hectare when all agronomic practices are carried out as required and the planting conditions are favorable. It also has a gestation period of 12 months.
3. TMS 96/0023
This is another variety of cassava developed by IITA, Ibadan. This variety is hardier; it has a reddish green petiole and a white tuber when freshly peeled but turns cream when stored. It also flowers at a height below one meter. The tuber is plump and not as large as the aforementioned; the length of the tuber is about 30cm with 20cm girth.
It is highly resistant to cassava mosaic disease, cassava anthracnose disease, and cassava blight disease; they are also tolerant of cassava green mites and African roots and tuber scales.
About 18 to 27 tons of cassava can be harvested from one hectare if all conditions are favorable. It takes about 12 months to fully develop and ready for harvesting.
4. TMS 92/0057
This is another variety developed by IITA, Ibadan. It has a red petiole and white tuber when freshly peeled and remains white in color when stored. It flowers and form branches above one-meter height. It has a large tuber of 60cm long with 20cm girth.
This variety is another hardy variety; it is highly resistant to cassava mosaic disease but moderately resistant to cassava blight disease and cassava anthracnose disease. It is tolerant to cassava green mites and African root and tuber scale.
One hectare of this variety will yield about 21-30 tons; this variety stays on the field for 12 months before harvesting.
5. TMS 92/0067
This is another improved cassava variety developed by IITA, Ibadan. This variety forms its branch when it is about one meter high; it also has red petiole and white tuber when freshly peeled and remains white in color when stored. It produces a small-sized tuber of 30cm long with 20cm girth.
It is highly resistant to cassava mosaic disease but moderately resistant to cassava bacterial blight and cassava anthracnose; it is also tolerant of cassava green mites. About 18-24 tons can be harvested from one hectare of this variety of cassava.
Other varieties of cassava are:
- TMS 98/0505
- TMS 98/0581
- TMS 30572
- NR 8082
- TME 419
- TME 7
Read: What Most Farmers Do Not Know About Cassava Farming.
All these varieties are improved varieties that can be gotten at IITA office across the world. International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) is an African-based international research institute established in 1967.
Read: Guide On Using Cassava Chips And Pellet In Poultry Feed
They are saddled with the responsibility of providing improved planting materials to enhance the increase in productivity and profitability. As a farmer, who is passionate about increasing farm output, do not be far from IITA; you will get new practices and innovative information from IITA.
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14 thoughts on “Characteristics Of Different Cassava Varieties (Pictures)”
I will want to be getting your agricultural post regularly
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Kindly assist with characteristic of other varieties especially TME 419 and the yellow root or vitamin A variety.
Can you please share a source where I can buy planting material?
[email protected]……for updates.
Then how can I get cassava please?
You can get it at IITA in Ibadan
what is the full word for TMS
The meaning of TMS is, Tropical Manihot Series
Are these improved varieties gained by hybridization or genetic modification?
I am happy to find this site. Sam kajo-Nigeria
How and where can I buy cassava tubers of different variety (like 5 different variety) as I want to carry out some analysis and it’s hard for me to find and identify buy the farmers. Pls I want to buy if there’s.