Are you planning to rear broiler chickens up to an average weight of 3kg for 6 weeks with a low budget? This guide is for you. You learn ways to reduce costs on every stage of your production; right from week 1 to week 6.
Rearing broiler chickens is unarguably a very lucrative agribusiness. Broiler chickens are the meat-types of poultry chickens. There are different breeds of broiler chickens; the common ones are the Ross, Cobbs, and Arbo-Acre; these breeds are characterized by their rapid growth, short period to harvest and low feed conversion.
According to the recent broiler chicken industry key fact, about 9 billion broiler chickens were produced 2018; the demand for animal protein is yet to be efficiently met globally; this calls for more production of broiler chickens around the globe.
Lots of poultry farmers face huge challenges that account for a huge loss of investment or production at a high cost, leading to little or no profit at the end of the production cycle.
There are different phases of rearing broiler chickens, I will be sharing with you some tips in each phase to reduce your cost of production and maximize your profits.
6 Weeks Low-Cost Broiler Rearing Guide
These tips are applicable in the following area of broiler production:
- Broilers feeding program
- Pest and disease control
- Marketing and standardization
1. Brooding Of Broiler Chickens
The most important phase of broiler production is the brooding stage, which usually lasts for 3-4 weeks. The first 10 days in the life of broiler chickens is very important; you would know if you are making a profit or not during the first 10 days.
Brooding is the management of day-old chicks; it entails all the necessary processes involved in building a solid foundation, in terms of good health and good growth, from chicks to market size. It is a very delicate aspect of rearing chickens.
The most important factors in brooding are Temperature, Lighting, and Feeding. These three factors can increase your profit or reduce your profits; it all depends on how knowledgeable you are. During the first 10 days, the chicks need heat for growth and feeding.
Prior to stocking the day-old chicks, the brooding pen should be heated to a temperature of 28 degrees Celsius. The temperature induces the chicks’ appetite, thus, stimulating them to eat. the more the chicks eat, the better and faster they grow. At low temperatures, the feed intake is low which leads to wastage and poor utilization of feed; this marks the beginning of the increase in the cost of your production.
Another important factor is lighting; this factor is very prominent if you want to harvest your broiler chickens faster. Lighting stimulates the chickens to eat more; it is very essential especially during the first 10 days of brooding. Follow this lighting program for your broiler chicks and watch them grow faster.
- Provide 24 hours of bright light each day for the first 3 days.
- Provide 18 hours of light and 6 hours of darkness each day for 6-7 days of age.
- Provide 12 hours of light and 12 hours of darkness each day from 7-21 days.
- Adopt natural daylight from 4 weeks to market.
What you are simply doing is to modulate their feeding habit, because broiler chickens will eat when they see light. The first 72 hours, 3 days, should be dedicated to feeding. This allows the chicks to gain weight faster and grow healthier, this is a foundation that must be attained for good growth. After 4 weeks, the broiler chickens are moved to the grow-out pen where they spend the remaining two weeks.
Read: Complete Guide On Brooding Of Day-Old-Chicks
2. Housing Design For Broiler Production
Housing is very important; the broiler house must serve several purposes, the prominent one is protection against harsh weather conditions and pests. These two can increase your cost of production through diseases and infections, hence, you need measures to reduce the cost of housing your birds.
One of the ways to indirectly lower the cost of your broiler production through housing is through the orientation of your broiler house. The broiler house must be oriented in an east to west direction; that is, the narrow section should face the east and the wider section should face the north-south to reduce sunlight in the pen.
This is important because the penetration of sunlight into the pen raises the temperature above the acceptable level which may lead to Heat stress; this increases the cost of your production by decreasing feed intake and weight gain.
Read: 5 Poultry House Construction Guidelines In Different Environment
The litter material and its management also play a prominent role in lowering the cost of your broiler production. How?
The litter material provides comfort in the pen, which leads to better utilization of feed and better weight gain. However, if you use the wrong litter material, you can end up treating respiratory diseases or disorders, which in turn increases your cost of production. Examples of litter materials are wood shavings, sawdust, rice bran, etc.; of these materials, sawdust and wood shavings are readily available.
Use wood shavings instead of sawdust; it has larger particles and fluffier compared to sawdust. Wood shaving will reduce the risk of respiratory diseases and blindness; these are peculiar to sawdust.
Read more: Wood Shavings Vs Sawdust: Best Bedding For Chickens
Another important way to minizine the cost of producing broiler chickens is through the stocking rate. Broilers need space to grow fast and healthy. Overstocking leads to reduced growth while understocking is more or less a waste of resources as it costs more to construct a large pen for a relatively small flock.
You need a cost-effective stocking rate for your broiler chickens. The recommended stock density for broiler chicken from day old to market size is 0.28sqm per bird; use this stocking rate to design your pen to manage cost and reduce expenses.
3. Broiler Chickens Feeding Guide
Feeding takes the lion’s share of the total cost of production, hence, the aspect of feeding in broiler production must be taken very seriously. You are to feed the chicks ad-libid during the first 3 days; serve broilers the right chicken feed in good quantity and quality to enhance the efficiency of the feed.
Broiler farmers feed their chickens two types of feed; the broiler starter diet and the broiler finisher diet. The starter diet is fed for the first 4 weeks, while the finisher is used from 4 weeks to market size. Truly, your chicken would grow very big but at a high cost. Your chickens may even develop bone disorder due to high weight gain, hence, reducing the market value or even death.
In order to reduce the cost of feeding without compromising the market weight of your chickens, you can include a diet in your feeding program. Introduce the Grower diet in your feeding program to cut the cost of feeding and maintain the weight gain within an acceptable level.
Serve the starter diet to 3 weeks, serve the grower to 4 weeks, and continue with the finisher from 4 weeks to harvest period. With this feeding program, you’ve been able to reduce the cost of feeding and achieve a marketable weight of 3kg and above.
Another way to cut excesses in feeding is through precision feeding. This method is economical; it simply means feeding at least the minimum amount of feed a chicken will eat at a particular time. Feed your chickens based on 55g per bird per day and increase the feed by 10g every week till harvesting. You will have a good result.
Read more: Chicken Feeding Guide: For Broilers And Layers
4. Pest And Disease Control In Broiler Production
Pest and disease are usually the banes of the high cost of production; aside from feeding, you can greatly cut the cost of your production by prevention of these diseases and pests. Be confident to inquire from the hatchery the vaccination carried out on the chicks before leaving the hatchery. It is very important to avoid any future breakdown of the birds.
Aside from vaccination, you can use the Ayurvedic medicines for chickens to prevent and control various poultry diseases, boost the broiler chicken’s immune system, and greatly improve the taste and quality of their meat. In addition, regular changing of litter material to prevent diseases such as coccidiosis and stringent biosecurity measures. These are cheap ways of cutting the cost of broiler medications.
5. Marketing And Standardization Of Broiler Chickens
Marketing of broiler chickens should start in the 5th week. if by 7th week you are still feeding you chickens then you are running at loss. In order to fast-track your sale, start your marketing as early as possible.
Regarding the standard of sale, it is best you sell per kg; with that, you can fully earn what you worked for at the end of the production.
Rearing broiler chicken is a very lucrative business that one can earn hugely in a relatively short period. Usually, broiler chickens are reared for 6 weeks, attaining an average live weight of above 2.5kg when all production practices are done properly.
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38 thoughts on “How To Rear Broiler Chickens For 6 Weeks At Low Cost”
A very good writeup. Educative and insightful.
Lovely blog and very impactful.please the grower feed can be given to broilers
How can I prepare organic multivitamin?
Quite educative. Well done
Very informative. Thank you. Keep me informed
well educative and resourceful piece. Thanks for the wonderful information.
This writeup on Broilers production is simply amazing. Thank you for sharing the vital information bedded in it with us.
Please i need more training from you as regards raising broiler, from Brooding to the marketing stage.Kindly advise how we can meet or to visit you.I will also need your contact details so i can reach you on phone.Can you recommend where i can buy my day old broilers from if you have places.
Hope to read from as soon.
Hello, I am glad to receive your comment. You can reach me on Whatsapp via 08082681730
Hi. Good evening sir. Were you able to get day old chicks from Abdul?
Very nice write up, thank you
Thanks for sharing…vital information…
Please how can one get good broiler breed
Pls Educate me
Wow! Great stuff
Lovely write up and teaching.
Very helpful. Much appreciated
Yes, am interested,give me your contact number to book appiontment with you.
This is an eye opener and a very good piece for all those interested in broiler business. I have really been impacted, keep up the good work.
I need your on how to raise broilers with in 6weeks but with less fund
Nice peace from you, pls which state are you?
Very educative thanks sir.pls can you guide me on how to raise layer chicken
Pls can I add maize bran to my chicken feed, and Will it affect their growth?
Why do you want to add maize bran to the feed?
Dear admin, I quite appreciate your dedication towards putting up a very educative and insightful piece. However, I want to draw your attention to the suggested spacing of 0.28sqm/bird you recommended in your write up. I quite agree that farmers are out to make profit through efficient production management program, but readers need to also know that
(1) The spacing requirement for chicks is lesser( say 0.09sqm/bird on the first wk, and a weekly increment of same value ( i.e 0.09sqm/bird) as you have rightly suggested in an earlier write up. Many people may not understand that they need to be increasing the space as the birds increase in age.
(2) Your spacing recommendation I presumed will work best for broiler production in the Southern Nigeria where temperature seldom exceeds 40°c, to producers in the Northern part I would suggest 0.4sqm/bird from 4½ wks and above. Thanks
How can I join the WhatsApp group…I need the link
How can I get the WhatsApp group, how can I produce my own feed, are the above species available in Nigeria?
I am much impresse to read this write-up , very educative may God reward U for us by sharing such lucrative business ideal for free.i will like to have ur contact for more questions sir remains bless
Wow!!!!! What a good enlightment
Well written, informative, worthwhile and stumulating blog thank you and appreciate the knowledge transfer..
With the 0.28sqm per bird, does it mean that I can only accommodate 178 birds in a 50sqm floor?Please let me know as the stocking rate can determine the profitability of the farm
VERY EDUCATIVE AND STRAIGHT TO THE POINT. THANK YOU FOR THIS
Nice write up. It’s very educative nd informative, I will like to join u on ur whatsapp platform for more knowledge
A very good write up, and please sir I need more knowledge on vaccinating the broiler and will need your contact for more……..THANKS sir
Please can you help me add this my number to your group ➕2️⃣2️⃣5️⃣ 4️⃣4️⃣ 0️⃣4️⃣ 2️⃣0️⃣ 0️⃣0️⃣ that is my number please I’m interested in this program help me
An educative article rich with important information
Thank you and God bless with this great information
This is great information for me, I am a starting farmer with broilers. What is the grower feed for broilers, is it the same as for the other chicken